THE CONCEPT OF SELF-DETERMINATION IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT

V. V. Khmil, O. M. Korkh

Abstract


Purpose. The purpose of the article is to define main directions and ways to legitimize philosophical ideas of self-determination as a fundamental global and valuable intention of Western culture in the context of its enlightenment paradigm. Methodology. The research is based on historical and logical methods, which allowed to theoretically reconstruct the cultural and historical context, as well as philosophical and theoretical principles of understanding and recognition of self-determination as a phenomenon of Western culture of the Enlightenment age. The authors have used their own theoretical model similar to the one of “ideal type” by. M.Weber based on the methods of generalization, abstraction and idealization, which allowed to present the phenomenon of individualism in the most general form as a system of value orientations of an individual, whose nature is seeking self-determination and originality. Originality. The historical and philosophical analysis has shoяк.wn how the philosophy of the Enlightenment age created moral principles of European culture advancement, especially through rationalization and the idea of political, economic and moral independence of a personality, recognition of rights for own initiative and sovereignty, individual identity as a public good. Thus, the idea of self-determination in this philosophy is related not only to the recognition of human rights, but also to the search of possible ways for a person to embrace current legislative system, harmony conditions and public interests. Conclusions. The philosophy of the Enlightenment has made a significant step toward further development of self-determination concept and its rationalization – separation of freedom and tyranny, new perception of necessary conditions for free self-determination of an individual as the ability to manage own passions and build own life on some rational principles, to refuse from excessive egoism, combining personal interests with the interests of others and public in generally these ideas were performed in the system of philosophical and legal liberalism, which emerged as a result of the synthesis of individualism and rationality concepts, and became an ideological basis for the modernization of Western civilization.


Keywords


philosophy of the Enlightenment; self-determination; individualism; philosophical legitimacy

References


Berlin, I. (1998). Dvi kontseptsii svobody. In Suchasna politychna filosofiia: Antolohiia (56-113). Kyiv: Osnovy.

Vashchenko, I. S., Rykalina, E. B., & Fakhrudinova, E. R. (2012). Individualizm v sovremennom obshchestve. Biulleten meditcinskikh Internet-konferentcii. Gumanitarnye nauki, 20(11), 856-858. Retrieved from http://medconfer.com/node/1762

Haiek, F. (1998). Indyvidualizm istynnyi i khybnyi. In Konservatyzm: Antolohiia (389-400). Kyiv: Smoloskyp.

Gegel, G. V. F. (1935). Sochineniia. Moscow: Sotcekzig.

Gelvetcii, K. A. (1974). Sochineniia: V 2 t. Moscow: Mysl.

Didro, D. (1986). Sochineniia: V 2 t. Moscow: Mysl.

Kant, I. (1965). Sochineniia: V 6 t. Moscow: Mysl.

Malivskyi, A. N. (2013). Anthropologization of Descartes’ basic project in contemporary history of philosophy. Sententiae, 1(28), 51-63.

Russo, Z.-Z. (1961). Izbrannye sochineniia: V 3 t. Moscow: Gospolitizdat.

Russo, Z.-Z. (1969). Traktaty. Moscow: Nauka.

Khmil, V. V., & Khmil, T. V. (2015). Anthropological Aspect of the Nature of the State. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 7, 7-15. Retrieved from http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/43374. doi:10.15802/ampr2015/43374

Akoun, A. (1989). L'illusion sociale: Essai sur l'individualisme democratique et son destin. Paris: Presses univ. de France.

Colman, C. (2014). The Virtues of Abandon An Anty-Individualist History of the French Enlightenment. Stanford: Stanford university press. Retrieved from http://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=22379

Jones, J., & Zmirak, J. (2014). The Enlightenment is Not Enough. Aleteia. Retrieved from http://aleteia.org/2014/01/07/the-enlightenment-is-not-enough

Petitat, A. (1987). L'unique et ses institutions: jalons dans l’emergence d'un multi–individualisme institutionnel. Rev. europ. des sciences sociales, 25(74), 107-134.

Spindell, M. (2015). The Age of Enlightenment, Religious Cowardice and Religious Ignorance. WesMaps. Retrieved from https://iasext.wesleyan.edu/regprod/!wesmaps_page.html?crse=011700&term=1161


GOST Style Citations


  1. Берлін, І. Дві концепції свободи / І. Берлін // Сучасна політична філософія: Антологія. – Київ : Основи, 1998. – С. 56–113.
  2. Индивидуализм в современном обществе [Електронний ресурс] / Ващенко И. С., Рыкалина Е. Б., Фахрудинова Э. Р. // Бюллетень медицинских Интернет-конференций. Гуманитарные науки. – 2012. – Т.20, №11. – С. 856–858. – Режим доступу: http://medconfer.com/node/1762 – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 15.06.20017.
  3. Гаєк, Ф. Індивідуалізм істинний і хибний / Ф. Гаєк // Консерватизм: Антологія. – Київ : Смолоскип, 1998. – С. 389–400.
  4. Гегель, Г. В. Ф. Сочинения / Г. В. Ф. Гегель. – Москва : Соцэкзиг, 1935. – Т. XI. – 527 с.
  5. Гельвеций, К. А. Сочинения: В 2 т. / К. А. Гельвеций. – Москва : Мысль, 1974. – Т. 2. – 687 с.
  6. Дидро, Д. Сочинения: В 2 т. / Д. Дидро. – Москва : Мысль, 1986. – Т. 1. – 590 с.
  7. Кант, И. Сочинения: В 6 т. / И. Кант. – Москва : Мысль, 1965. – Т. 4. – Ч.1. – 544 с.; Ч. 2. – 478 с.
  8. Маливский, А. Н. Антропологизация базового проекта Декарта в современной историко-философской литературе / А. Н. Маливский // Sententiae. – 2013. – №1(28). – C. 51–63.
  9. Руссо, Ж.-Ж. Избранные сочинения: В 3 т. / Ж.-Ж. Руссо. – Москва : Госполитиздат, 1961. – Т. 3. – 727 с.
  10. Руссо, Ж.-Ж. Трактаты / Ж.-Ж. Руссо. – Москва : Наука, 1969. – 703 с.
  11. Хміль, В. В. Антропологічна компонента природи держави [Електронний ресурс] / В. В. Хміль, Т. В. Хміль // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2015. – №7. – C.7–15. – Режим доступу: http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/43374 – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 15.06.20017. doi: 10.15802/ampr2015/43374
  12. Akoun, A. L'illusion sociale: Essai sur l'individualisme democratique et son destin / A. Akoun. – Paris : Presses univ. de France, 1989. – 249 p.
  13. Colman, C. The Virtues of Abandon An Anty-Individualist History of the French Enlightenment [Електронний ресурс] / C. Colman. – Stanford : Stanford university press, 2014. – 416 p. – Режим доступу: http://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=22379 – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 15.06.20017.
  14. Jones, J. The Enlightenment is Not Enough [Електронний ресурс]/ J. Jones, J. Zmirak // Aleteia. – 2014. – Режим доступу: http://aleteia.org/2014/01/07/the-enlightenment-is-not-enough – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 15.06.20017.
  15. Petitat, A. L'unique et ses institutions: jalons dans l’emergence d'un multi–individualisme institutionnel / A. Petitat // Rev. europ. des sciences sociales. – 1987. – Vol. 25, Iss. 74. – P. 107–134.
  16. Spindell, M. The Age of Enlightenment, Religious Cowardice and Religious Ignorance [Електронний ресурс] / M. Spindell // WesMaps. – 2015. – Режим доступу: https://iasext.wesleyan.edu/regprod/!wesmaps_page.html?crse=011700&term=1161 – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 15.06.20017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105496

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.