http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/issue/feed Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 2021-01-20T13:17:11+00:00 V. V. Khmil broun79@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>The Proceedings Scientific publication supports an open access policy</strong></p> <h3><img src="http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/public/site/images/avfd/avfd.jpg" alt="" width="340" height="481" /></h3> <p><strong>Year of foundation:</strong> 2012 <br /><strong>Field of science and issues in focus:</strong> The collection includes the papers, which illuminate and comprehend new facets of human existence at the beginning of the new century. Particular attention concentrates on the forms of their manifestation and reflection in the science, culture, technology and language philosophy. The collection is intended for the research organizations employees, engineering employees, research and educational personnel, as well as for the doctoral candidates, postgraduates and for the higher school students.<strong><br />ISSN</strong> 2227-7242 (Print), <strong>І</strong><strong>SSN </strong>2304-9685 (Online)<strong><br />Certificate of state registration:</strong> 18742-7542P from 05.01.2012.</p> <p><strong>The publication is included in the Category A "The List of Scientific Specialized Publications of Ukraine" (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 358 of 15.03.2019)</strong></p> <p>The Proceedings Scientific publication is registered in the International Catalogue of periodicals<strong> UlrichswebTM Global Serials Directory</strong>, research and metric systems <strong>Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index), Crossref, Open Ukrainian Citation Index (OUCI), Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, DOAJ, OAJI, WorldCat.</strong></p> <p><strong>Scientometrical indicators of journal: </strong><br />Index Copernicus (Poland) - <strong>ICV 2019: 100</strong></p> <p><strong>Google Scholar - hi-11</strong></p> <p><strong>Impact Factor OAJI -</strong> 0.351</p> <p><strong>Frequency:</strong> semiannually<strong><br />Language of publication:</strong> Ukrainian, Russian, English (in mixed languages)<strong><br />Founder:</strong> Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan<strong><br />Editor in chief:</strong> Khmil V. V., Doctor of Philosophy <strong><br />Deputy Chief Editor:</strong> Malivskyi A. M., PhD of Philosophical Sciences<br /><strong>Executive Editor:</strong> Kolesnykova T. O., PhD of Social Communications <br /><strong>Address of editorial office: </strong>Str. Lazaryana, 2, room 468, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49010<strong><br />Tel.:</strong> (056) 371-51-05 <strong><br />E-mail: </strong><a href="mailto:ojs.diit@gmail.com"><strong>ojs.diit@gmail.com</strong></a></p> http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221402 METAMODERNISM MAN IN THE WORLDVIEW DIMENSION OF NEW CULTURAL PARADIGM 2021-01-19T16:39:56+00:00 Y. O. Shabanova jshabanova@ukr.net <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The research is based on the comprehension of the anthropological tendencies of the metamodernism, which presupposes the consistent solution of the following tasks: a) explication of the content of post-postmodernism in modern philosophical literature; b) identification of the ideological basis of metamodernism anthropology; c) characteristics of the problem field of metamodernism anthropology and the state of man in the modern era. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> Anthropology of the metamodernism for the first time defines socio-cultural context through the hesitative state between the values of modernism and their rejection by the postmodernism, which makes it possible to formulate the peculiarity of the time as a desire to reconstruct a Holistic Man, impartial to the dominant worldview attitudes of a social nature. Anthropology of the metamodernism is presented as the individualization of the socio-cultural space in the form of human self-reconstruction at all anthropological levels. An era without an unambiguously expressed moral guideline is based on the ethics of all-acceptance, the only justification of which is the existence of a universal right to beingness. Digitalization as a process of digital transformation of society creates conditions for the value realization of the free choice of metamodernism man, through which a Holistic Man is accomplished. <strong>Originality.</strong> It is substantiated that metamodernism as a descriptive position of the modern cultural dominant of the digitalized era is characterized by a state of hesitation between the values of modernism and postmodernism. The anthropology of the metamodernism manifests itself in the form of the reconstruction of the holistic man and the self-reconstruction of the inner man. The peculiarities of the human metamodernism are recognized as the mutual complete determinability of the individual and the mass. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Metamodernism is the formulation of the problem of a man in a new perspective: what to be and how to survive between the extremes of semantic poles, without losing dignity and unique intrinsic value. Proceeding from this, the fate of a metamodernism man is determined in pursuit of the endlessly receding horizons of the anthropology of incompleteness, which is carried out through post-irony, naive sincerity, optimistic openness to the world.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/195967 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN’S AND MARTIN HEIDEGGER’S VIEWS ON THE NATURE OF HUMAN 2021-01-20T11:31:11+00:00 A. S. Synytsia andrii.synytsia.edu@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The paper is aimed at analyzing in a comparative way the philosophical conceptions of the human, proposed by Ludwig Wittgenstein and Martin Heidegger as the main representatives of the analytic and continental tradition of philosophizing in the XXth century. <strong>The theoretical basis</strong> of the study is determined by Wittgenstein’s legacy in the field of logical and linguistic analysis, as well as Heidegger’s existential, hermeneutical, and phenomenological ideas. <strong>Originality.</strong> Based on the analysis of the philosophical works of Wittgenstein and Heidegger, the initial principles of their anthropological concepts in the unity of transcendental preconditions, essential foundations, and correlations to the world in the technosphere are reconstructed. It is demonstrated that, despite the difference in the explanation of the peculiarities in the interpretation of the realm of the transcendental (as an extra-linguistic) and basic characteristic of the inner world of human, both philosophers emphasized the understanding of the human being through the prism of language and the need for anthropologization of science and technology. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Wittgenstein and Heidegger developed their own original considerations on the nature of human being, which fully conform to the basic theoretico-methodological principles of their philosophical conceptions. The former focused on how language reflects a human’s world and serves as a means of expressing their knowledge and aspirations. The latter, on the contrary, interpreted the world as a reflection of language that expresses itself through human. As a supporter of analytic methodology and, accordingly, of accuracy in formulations, Wittgenstein came to the concept of the unspeakable in the process of reflection on the being of human over the language. But in Heidegger’s existential discourse, which is full of metaphors and neologisms, being of human is limited by the concept of Nothing. As a consequence, it is noted that the ontological status of values is transcendental to the world according to Wittgenstein, but it is immanent to the world, according to Heidegger. It is argued that the Austrian thinker developed a linguo-psychological approach to the study of human through the prism of the mental, but the German philosopher comprehended the human on the basis of the concept of self in the ontological sphere. It has been demonstrated that both thinkers have pointed to the challenges faced by humans in the development of science and technology while emphasizing the importance of substantiating their anthropological foundations.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221410 DESCARTES ON THE PHENOMENON OF MAN AND THE BOUNDARIES OF DOUBT 2020-12-28T15:44:40+00:00 A. M. Malivskyi telepat-57@ukr.net <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose </strong>of the article is to reconstruct the ideological and philosophical context in which Descartes actualizes the phenomenon of man and the task of refuting scepticism. A precondition for its implementation is attention to the explication of the peculiarities of reception by researchers of scepticism and the doctrine of doubt; delineation of the semantic implications of the anthropological intention of philosophizing and the boundaries of doubt. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> I base my view of Descartes’ legacy on the conceptual positions of phenomenology, existentialism and hermeneutics. <strong>Originality.</strong> Based on the tendency of anthropologization of Descartes’ basic project, I refute the widespread tendency to qualify Descartes’ position as a sceptic, which is based on superficial stereotypes about the impersonality of his philosophy. The modern reception of the thinker’s texts indicates the priority for him of the task of explicating the conditions of man’s realization of his own vocation in the Universe, which is supplemented by the idea of the limits of science and the doubt correlative to it. Accordingly, Descartes’ refutation of scepticism appears in the form of concern for the creation of favourable conditions for human self-development, which implies a restrained attitude to the spheres of morality and religion. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> The author based on his own interpretation of the philosophical searching of the thinker attempted to rehabilitate Descartes’ position on scepticism. An appeal to the texts of the French philosopher shows that doubt is for him a means of creating conditions for the representation of the human in man. A deeper meaningful clarification of the method chosen by Descartes to refute scepticism involves appeal to the will and practical mastery of a new system of semantic coordinates of life.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221425 ROMANTIC HUMAN STUDY: PECULIARITIES OF PERSONALITY PHILOSOPHY IN THE LITERATURE OF THE 1820-1830-IES. 2020-12-28T15:44:43+00:00 T. N. Zhuzhgina-Allahverdian allakverdian.tamara@rambler.ru S. A. Ostapenko ostapenko@donnuet.edu.ua <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of the study is to show the connection of romanticism with the anthropological doctrine that goes back to Hegelianism and Kantianism, and at the same time – with the concepts of the future, structuralism and postmodernism. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> The man is a central figure of the Romantic literary, therefore it makes sense to single out romantic human anthropological doctrine and the image of man associated with a specific historical and cultural era called the "epoch of romanticism"; to show that many romantic philosophical positions remained relevant to the basic foundations of contemporary anthropological research and coincide with it in analytical and critical thinking about a man, a person, his historical and evolutionary fate. <strong>Originality.</strong> The romantic worldview determined the specifics of anthropological discourse, both logical and illogical, remaining symbols and attaching, as for example, a real historical anecdote, a popular history, a philosophical thought, a myth, a famous literary episode and the arts multiplied by creative inspiration and imagination. This tendency determined the fragmentation of thinking and the scientific image of man as a dual being, nevertheless, presented and described in all the variety of relations with the world and with himself, that allows us to call this area of thought "the romantic human science". <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Structural analysis of numerous romantic texts allows us to draw the following conclusion: with mythopoetic imagery and anthropological thought about a man, romantic writers introduced the reader to any wisdom, to philosophical understanding of their human essence, to past and modern teachings, in a way processed antique, medieval and enlightening views, in which an important place was given to reflections on the place of man in nature, society, and history. Correlating the well-known statements about a person as a descendant of the "old Adam", "person", "personality", "soul", with the modern idea of historical and social development, about the evolution of the consciousness of a person who revealed himself as an individual in modern times, with scientific and aesthetic views, the writers of the first half of the XIX century gave romantic thought anthropological meaning and, in fact, laid the foundations of historical, social, psychological, cultural and psychoanalytic anthropology.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221428 PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS IN SPIRITUAL CULTURE OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF NORTH AMERICA 2021-01-20T13:17:11+00:00 S. V. Rudenko rudenkosrg@gmail.com Y. A. Sobolievskyi yasobolevsky@knu.ua <p class="Vis"><strong>The purpose </strong>of the article is to reveal philosophical ideas in the mythology and folklore of the indigenous peoples of North America. An important question: "Can we assume that the spiritual culture of the American Indians contained philosophical knowledge?" remains relevant today. For example, European philosophy is defined by appeals to philosophers of the past, their texts. The philosophical tradition is characterized by rational argumentation and formulation of philosophical questions that differ from the questions of ordinary language. However, the problem lies in the term "philosophy", which belongs to the so-called "philosophical untranslatability" and has many definitions. The question of whether philosophy is exclusively a phenomenon of European culture is still controversial. In the article, the concept of philosophy is used in a broad sense, which allows the analysis of the intellectual heritage of the culture of the indigenous people of North America for philosophical ideas. <strong>Theoretical basis </strong>of the study consists of primary sources, which are limited due to the "documentary horizon". It contains myths about the Twins, ritual rhetoric, examples of dream interpretation practices and the practical wisdom of tribal chiefs. The Chronicle of "Vallamolum", or "the Red List", testifies to the special idea of the Indians about history and their own historicity. Analysis of cosmogonical and cosmological ideas reveals the special features of the anthropological ideas of the North American Indians. Combined with the philosophical ideas of the Puritan philosophy of the settlers of New England, this analysis allows us to explore in more detail the processes of acculturation. The study uses critical literature from scholars and leading researchers of the wisdom and philosophy of Native Americans, such as Michael Yellow Bird, J. Baird Callicott, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Dennis H. McPherson, Lewis Henri Morgan, Thomas M. Norton-Smith, J. Douglas Rabb, Paul Radin, Jon Ewbank Manchip White. The views of early American philosophers: R. Williams, W. Penn, R. W. Emerson, on the problem of the relationship between the culture of settlers and the indigenous people of North America are noteworthy. <strong>Originality </strong>lies in the application of historical and philosophical methodology, identifying the features of philosophizing in the spiritual culture and worldview of the indigenous people of North America. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> In the conclusions, the obtained results complement the history of the origin and development of philosophical thought of the early American philosophy.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221397 VIRTUALIZATION OF IDENTITY IN THE CONTEXT OF SELF-REALIZATION OF A PERSONALITY 2021-01-19T15:26:37+00:00 Y. V. Lyubiviy yaroslav.lyubiviy@gmail.com R. V. Samchuk samchuk_r@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The research is aimed at clarifying the essence of virtual reality and its productive role in the self-realization of the individual, as well as the importance in the process of self-realization of the individual to expand the dimensions of his identity by including virtual dimensions. To do this, the process of formation of the phenomenon of virtual identity in the environment of virtual reality is revealed and the influence of productive human activity in virtual reality on the nature of virtualization of its identity is turned out. <strong>Theoretical basis</strong> of the work is understanding virtual reality as a combination of conscious productive imagination as its attribute, on the one hand, and the technological component in the form of a computer and related programs on the other hand. An anthropological prerequisite for virtual reality is the ability of the man’s creative imagination to calculate and choose the best model from many mental design ones, using, among other things, horizontal computer networks, which form a virtual identity. <strong>Originality.</strong> It was found that a necessary condition for the formation of a virtual identity is the exchange of results of productive and intermediary activities between Internet users, which they carry out in Internet networks with the help of virtual reality itself. Accordingly, philosophical studies of virtual reality (R. Burrows, G. Cooper, M. Heim, R. Harper, N. Green, J. Juul, B. Loader, N. McDonnell, N. Wildman, S. Muncer, G. M. Murtagh, S. Nettleton, O. Ollinaho, N. Pleace, G. M. P. Swann, T. P. Watts) are gradually supplemented by research in the field of virtual identity (R. Baltezarevic, B. Baltezarevic, V. Baltezarevic, D. Deh, D. Glodovic, Este N. Beck, P. Kwiatek, R. A. Hardesty, B. Sheredos, N. McDonnell, N. Wildman, O. Ollinaho, E. J. Ramirez, S. LaBarge, J. Spiegel). Competitive production and distribution of human livelihoods through creative project work in virtual reality in interaction and communication with Others in a rapidly changing society requires the expansion of identity, including virtual dimensions. In the modern world self-realization of the individual includes the expansion of identity through its virtualization. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> A person’s productive activity in computer virtual reality – as an auxiliary tool of his creative imagination –creates his virtualized identity in solidarity and competitive interaction with Others, promotes self-realization of his personality and makes his holistic identity more flexible. Accordingly, philosophical studies of virtual reality over time are supplemented by philosophical anthropology studies of virtual identity.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221398 A HUMAN IN THE URBAN SPACE OF THE GLOBALIZED WORLD 2021-01-19T16:10:53+00:00 I. O. Merylova iryna.merylova@gmail.com K. V. Sokolova sokolova.katerina8@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose<strong> </strong>of the research is to define certain interaction features between a human and the urban environment in the global world. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> The study in based on the investigations of contemporary researchers in social philosophy and urban science, as well as social scientists of Chicago School. <strong>Originality.</strong> The originality<strong> </strong>of the research is to analyze the "human-urban space" system in terms of the influence of local space of the global world on the human identity formation and preservation. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Modern information technologies have significantly contributed into changes in the culture, society, individual consciousness and perception. They have given them absolutely global character and reorganized the value and standard system of the individual. As a result, it caused the identity crisis, so typical of the postindustrial society. Thus, one of the possible ways to overcome the crisis is to harmonize the interaction in the "human-urban space" system as an area of individual space of human social and cultural identity.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221297 THE ANTHROPOLOGIZATION OF DASEIN-PSYCHE’S BEING BY METHODS OF NEUROPHILOSOPHY 2021-01-18T16:23:37+00:00 O. A. Bazaluk bazaluk@ukr.net <strong>The purpose </strong>of the article is to reveal the anthropologization of Dasein-psyche’s being by methods of neurophilosophy. The anthropologization of Dasein-psyche’s being by methods of neurophilosophy allows considering the noogenesis from the perspective of philosophical traditions, which is much richer in comparison with the history of scientific knowledge about the psychology of meanings. The being of Dasein-psyche in the meaning of "philosopher’s soul" was firstly mentioned by Plato in "Phaedo". The anthropologization of Dasein-psyche’s being reveals the ontological orientation and limits of the being of Dasein-psyche within the being of Dasein-the-One, as well as the intellect, knowledge and techne, as the arete existentials. <strong>Theoretical basis</strong> of the study is built on Heidegger’s fundamental ontology and methods of neurophilosophy. <strong>Originality </strong>lies in exploring Dasein-psyche through the neurophilosophical approach. In the context, Dasein-psyche is revealed as a part of the whole or the image (εἰκών), created from Dasein-Y-Matter as a paradigm. It is formed by the factors and causes of complication, as well as by the experience of being of the previous states of matter. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> In conclusion, the anthropologization of Dasein-psyche’s being by methods of neurophilosophy allows considering the noogenesis from the perspective of philosophical traditions. The essence of a person is revealed as the arete existentials, which require further rethinking and clarification. 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221300 ANTHROPOLOGIZATION OF SCIENCE: FROM THE SUBJECT OF COGNITION TO THE RESEARCHER’S PERSONALITY 2021-01-18T17:03:41+00:00 N. V. Kryvtsova kryvtsova.natalya@gmail.com I. A. Donnikova irinadonnikova281@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> With the consideration of anthropological tendencies in modern science, the purpose of the article is to analyze the problem of the subject of cognition, philosophical-psychological rationale for the need to complement it by the concept of "the researcher’s personality". <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> The authors rely on post-non-classical methodological tools and basic principles of complexity theory (autopoiesis, auto-eco-organization, synergy, syzygy, targeted and cyclic determination), as well as theoretical provisions of epistemological constructivism (enactivism), the results of theoretical and empirical psychological studies. In them, authors revealed psychological features of the potential of self-realization of a person prone to innovation and research activities and transfessionalism, including the resources and reserves of the researcher’s personality. <strong>Originality.</strong> The concept of the subject of (scientific) cognition is expanded by the concept of "researcher’s personality" and derivative concepts that describe the dynamics of self-harmonization of originative co-generative strengths and opportunities of self-realization of an enlightened person, reveal the degree of correlation in the cognition of the subjective and objective dimensions of his life. It is substantiated that further analysis of the problem of anthropologization of science requires appropriate onto-epistemological grounds that reveals the unity of cognition-education-skill as an essential characteristic of the maturity of the researcher’s personality of scientific knowledge. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> In the context of anthropological shifts in modern science, the philosophical-psychological analysis of the problem of the subject of cognition is actualized. The psychological research proves the advisability of using the "researcher’s personality" concept as a basic one for understanding the formation of an enlightened human-creator, capable of auto-eco-organization, self-transcendence, and syzygy with the Universe at different levels of innovational research activity. The self-realization of the researcher-personality is a way-search for the authenticity of the multiform unity of life, the personal meaning of scientific truth, and the self-harmonization of the originative co-generative co-determinative strengths in the knowledge of an enlightened person. Including the concept of the subject of cognition in the ontology of the unity of difference-multidimensional poly-essential autopoetic integrity, the anthropologization of science is intended to revive the ancient idea in the unity of truth ("ἀλήθεια"), education ("παιδεία") and skill ("τέχνη") of a scientist, defining the ideal of a modern human-transfessional.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221296 POTENTIAL OF THE KANTIAN NOTION OF SOCIAL JUSTICE 2021-01-19T10:27:35+00:00 Z. Kieliszek zdzislaw.kieliszek@uwm.edu.pl <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> This paper aims<strong> </strong>to show how the views of Kant persist in the modern debate on social justice and to outline the practical and political potential contained in his understanding of a just state system and international justice. To that end, I will present what Kant meant by a just state system and just relationships between states. Then, I will reference his understanding of social justice against three fundamental models of social justice thus far established in the philosophical tradition: the legal, distributive, and contractual justice. Finally, I will explain how the Kantian understanding of social justice is reflected in select modern interpretations of a just state system and justice in international relationships, and how we can grasp the current practice and the expected development of sociopolitical life in the framework of social justice as understood by Kant. <strong>Originality.</strong> The article presents the theoretical-conceptual and practical-political relevance of the concept of social justice, developed by I. Kant. It was shown that Kant considered justice to be the basis of all correct social relations, both at the level of individual states and in the sphere of international relations. According to Kant, the only just state system is a republic. In his opinion, justice in the field of international relations requires that they be based on the principles of federal unification of individual states. The concept of social justice developed by Kant can be identified as a form of classically understood contractual justice. In addition, Kan’s notion of justice was correlated with the works of modern authors: John Rawls, Robert Nozick and Otfried Höffe, showing identical and different elements in them. <strong>Conclusions</strong><strong>.</strong> The reflections above suffice to assert that the Kantian understanding of social justice primarily involves the following observations: 1. under a relevant contract, interested parties institute a public authority, i.e. a republican state (at the level of citizen-to-citizen relations) or a federal institution endowed with judicial or executive powers (in the international arena); 2. the institution of public authority (a republican state, a federal court or government) remains fair (impartial) in dealings with the governed; 3. the public authority has the right to intervene only in the circumstances of threat to the external freedom, equality and independence of the governed individuals; 4. the public authority is responsible only for guaranteeing just relations between individuals and the enforcement of their contracts. Furthermore, Kantian understanding of justice falls within the scope of the classical notion of contractual justice and remains present in the modern debates on justice, as exemplified by the thought of Rawls, Nozick and Höffe. Finally, the Kantian understanding of social justice remains topical and worthy of consideration during the design and the development of current and future solutions for a just public order, both at the national and international level.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221295 ANTHROPOLOGICAL SPHERE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE: RESTRICTIONS ON HUMAN RIGHTS DURING PANDEMIC THREATS 2021-01-19T11:49:18+00:00 V. S. Blikhar blikharv@ukr.net I. M. Zharovska irazhar@ukr.net <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The article is aimed to study the anthropological, socio-philosophical and philosophical-legal dimensions of the ontological sphere of human life within the discourse of restricting human rights during pandemic threats. To do this, one should solve a number of tasks, among which are the following: 1) to explore the anthropological and praxeological understanding of fear as a primary component of human existence in a pandemic, which prevents people from changing their lives for the better and healthier, having fun and happiness; 2) to put a focus on the habituation of fear as a two-dimensional (short-term and long-term) adaptation to risks and threats from pandemics; 3) to reflect the anthropological features of changes in human life experience under the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the discourse of human rights and public health measures. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> Today, international guiding principles on human rights response to global natural threats have been updated. However, there are still no specific legal recommendations (both at the international and national levels) concerning measures on human rights protection during outbreaks of various infectious diseases. However, the influence of unexpected global challenges (especially COVID-19 and not just that) causes a change in the anthropological component of society and the state, so it requires immediate comprehensive research. <strong>Originality.</strong> It was substantiated a systematic approach to the implementation of modern healthcare policy towards the recognition of human life as the highest value, increasing the level of psychological preparedness for pandemic challenges and approximation of statutory provisions of human rights protection to modern challenges and threats to the health of the individual, society and state. The study of anthropological, socio-philosophical and philosophical-legal dimensions of human existence in the discourse of pandemic threats made it possible to reveal the profound influence of fear on human life, social justice and, consequently, identify the moral and legal dependence of the development level of society and the state on the level of axiological and anthropological concept of human dignity. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the study of statistical reports, international analysis and the use of personal authorial methods, the following can be stated: the methods of combating the modern pandemic have directly affected everyone on national and international level. Their influence is significant because it changes the rules of coexistence and life of people in all spheres. However, the influence on the consciousness and other intentions of the individual has mostly temporally insignificant limits.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/210988 HUMAN AS A CARRIER OF THE WORLDVIEW: INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE DIMENSIONS 2021-01-19T12:58:24+00:00 V. V. Havrylenko Viktoriavangogh@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of the study is to outline the links between individual and collective dimensions of the human worldview. This purpose requires solving two tasks: to update philosophical ideas formed by reflection on human and community worldview; to identify and generalize the relationship of singular and general in the context of the problem of human worldview. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> The study is based on philosophical reflections about manifestations of singular and general worldviews. Such reflections appeared in European philosophy quite a long time ago (Dilthey, Rickert, Jaspers). Ukrainian and foreign philosophical discourse considers both measures of the worldview. And a role of the carrier of worldview plays either human or society. We can see that in researches of S. Krymskyi, I. Nadolniy, V. Popov, N. Rozhanska, V. Tabachkovskyi, V. Shynkaruk, V. Poythress, D. Rousseau, D. Billingham, C. Gianolla and others. However the links between individual and collective dimensions of worldview are not clearly outlined. It is possible to note the research of V. Popov who focuses on the problem of socio-collective and individual dimensions of worldview. But the scientist focuses more on the use of the concept of worldview in these two meanings. Human as a social being interacts with worldviews of other individuals. That is why we can speak of two dimensions of the worldview function: individual and collective. This problem became topical due to acuteness of the links between human and society in modern life. <strong>Originality.</strong> The author outlined key links between individual and collective dimensions of human worldview functioning. The study identified a role of human as a carrier of the worldview in formation of collective worldview. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Human as a worldview carrier plays a key role in formation of collective worldview. In philosophical discourse thoughts about links between individual and collective worldviews are different and sometimes conflicting. We have a discussion problem of uniformity and diversity of collective worldview. Collective worldview is showed as a circulation of different ideas and views of individuals. But collective worldview is showed as a whole system of individual views too. Collective worldview manifests as integrated phenomenon because it is based on common worldviews of individuals. At the same time the human is influenced by collective worldview in particularly as a past generation heritage.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221379 ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND AXIOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS OF SOCIAL EXPECTATIONS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON SOCIETY’S SELF-ORGANIZATION 2021-01-19T13:17:53+00:00 І. M. Hoian ihor.hoian@pnu.edu.ua V. P. Budz budzwolodymyr@gmail.com <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose.</strong> The paper aimed at analyzing the anthropological and axiological dimensions of human social expectations in the aspect of the self-organization processes of social phenomena and revealing their essence. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> The research is based on the synergetic paradigm, the theory of shared intentionality as well as the concept of hidden influence on the processes of socialization, synchronization of social influence on moral decisions, benefits of the cooperative learning, interpretation of social expectations as epistemological norms and standards, and the concept of social support. <strong>Originality.</strong> Social expectations are considered in a synergistic relationship to their anthropological and axiological nature. The anthropological dimension of social expectations based on human nature as a mortal and rational being is outlined. The paper highlights the axiological dimension of social expectations on the ground of the need for socialization and imitation of systems of material and spiritual values in the group. The <em>concept of stereotype and the thanatology of social expectations</em> is substantiated. It is proved that the stereotype of social expectations is dependent on its axiological dimension, and the thanatology of social expectations is dependent on its anthropological dimension, which is based on human mortality. It has been studied out that the stereotypical and thanatological nature of social expectations significantly influences the processes of social self-organization. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> The social expectations of a person are oriented mainly toward the anthropological dimension of values since by nature a human is a mortal being. Human social expectations are mainly related to life, health, and safety showing the priority of the thanatological nature of social expectations and their futuristic content. Social expectations are also oriented towards social values. The latter is related to the collective rational nature of a person who is prone to social imitation, which affects the stereotypical nature of social expectations. Any social expectation is an axiological one. It is an expectation of material and spiritual values. The axiological dimension of social expectations has a stereotypical nature since it is linked to the specificity of collective socialization and coexistence. The anthropological dimension of social expectations has a thanatological character and is based on human nature as a mortal and at the same time rational being forming own rationality in the group. The concept of stereotypical and thanatological social expectations is promising for further scientific exploration as its methodological basis.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research http://ampr.diit.edu.ua/article/view/221383 ANTHROPOCENTRIC DIMENSIONS OF UKRAINIAN CULTURE (IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ARCHETYPE OF THE WISE OLD MAN) 2021-01-19T14:08:26+00:00 Z. O. Yankovska zanna.malva@gmail.com L. V. Sorochuk LVS1166@ukr.net <p class="Vis"><strong>Purpose</strong><strong>.</strong> Philosophy of culture is an extremely multifaceted field, which includes the anthropological segment as well. In particular, we can talk about the role of man (personality) in cultural progress in a particular period of development of the society. To some extent, this problem may also apply to the theory of archetypes, which is rapidly developing today, being used not only in philosophy but also in other fields, deeply penetrated into the methodology of humanities knowledge. Therefore, we used interdisciplinary tools for this study. The purpose of this work is to study the influence of personality on the development of Ukrainian culture in a global, comprehensive dimension, based on the experience and works of famous figures that carried out cultural activities in a certain historical period. In this case, we can appeal to the archetype of the Wise Old Man, which contains a set of permanent features (ordinary and transcendent) that connect its projections with both the "foretype" and at the same time the "accumulation" of experience. <strong>Theoretical basis.</strong> Based on the work of famous researchers in the field of philosophy, anthropology, analytical psychology, ethnophilosophy (C. Jung, Z. Freud, M. Scheler, F. Nietzsche, F. Schelling, W. Eco, G. Gachev, A. Bolshakova, L. Koshetarova, M. Eliade, O. Kyryliuk, S. Krymsky, V. Lychkovakh, T. Shestopalova, M. Nesteleev, Z. Bosyk, etc.), the authors note the insufficient elaboration of the topic regarding the distinction of anthropological (including anthropocentric) dimensions of different cultural periods of Ukraine in chronological order. <strong>Originality.</strong> The authors of the article prove that the continuity of the accumulation of anthropocentric features in individuals gives them transcendence, elevate to the archetype of the Wise Old Man, which can be perceived as a universal process against the ethnic development background. <strong>Conclusions</strong><strong>.</strong> As a result of the study, we can say that the role of individual key figures in the development of national culture is quite noticeable. This can be traced both at the local level and at the national level, when we should talk about individuals who in a certain period of development of society and culture were leading and became a kind of embodiment of universal experience accumulated in an individual with a certain identity, which is the "personality" required in "that place" and "that time". For this reason, we turn to the archetype of the Wise Old Man as an "invariant", a "conductor", which reflects the most realized and individualized personality in a particular chronotope.</p> 2020-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research