A. M. Malivskyi


Purpose. The purpose of the investigation is to outline the main points of Hume’s interpretation of the basic anthropological project of the era based on radical cultural transformations of the early modern age; to represent a modern vision of Hume's anthropology as a response to the demand of the era and necessity to complete its basic project. Methodology. The research was based on phenomenological and hermeneutic approaches. Originality. Contemporary understanding of the position of anthropological project in Hume's philosophy is regarded as unsatisfactory by the author. Development of the basic project as anthropological is rooted in scientific revolution and needs to be continued and completed. Contemporary prevalence of deanthropogical versions of Hume's philosophy is the result of underestimated significance of the concept of nature in the broad sense. According to the philosopher's texts, heuristic potential of Hume's position is emphasized by the author. The modern version of the basic project in the early modern age is criticized and demands significant changes to become anthropological. Findings. Modern perception of Hume’s philosophy as an anthropological project is unsatisfactory in terms of historical and philosophical science and needs detailed analysis. In order to understand the conditions of anthropological project significance, it is advisable to focus on: a) scientific revolution and the necessity to complete it; b) determine the role of the concept of nature in its broad sense. Nowadays the way of Hume's rethinking of the basic project of modern philosophy as insufficiently anthropological is quite heuristic. Empiricism, dogmatism, superstition and skepticism are the manifestations of the latter. For Hume, the era was as an incomplete anthropological project and its legacy as the most complete form of explication. Today the interest in the phenomenon of a human provides a reasonable basis to define that modern period is related to the era of Hume, and therefore, to give some reasoning for his remarkable ideas as New Hume's era.


Hume; anthropological project; nature; human nature; nature in the broad sense; nature in the narrow sense; morality; metaphysics

Full Text:



Gvardini P. Konets novogo vremeni [The end of modern period]. Voprosy filosofii – Problems of Philosophy, 1990, no. 4, pp. 127-163.

Kasavin I.T. Hume David. Paradoksy poznaniya [Hume David. Paradoxes of understanding]. Voprosy filosofii – Problems of Philosophy, 2011, no. 2, pp. 127-163.

Cassirer E. Opyt o cheloveke: vvedeniye v filosofiyu chelovecheskoy kultury. Problema cheloveka v zapadnoy filosofii [Experience about a human: introduction in philosophy of human culture. The problem of a human in western philosophy]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1988. pp. 3-30.

Malivskyi A.M. Antropologizatsiya bazovogo proekta Dekarta v sovremennoy istoriko-filosofskoy literature [Anthropologization of basic project of Descartes in modern historical and philosophical literature]. Sententiae, 2013, vol. XXVIII, pp. 51-63.

Mossner E. Peredmova. Hume D. Traktat pro liudsku pryrodu: Sproba zaprovadzhennia eksperymentalnoho metodu mirkuvan pro obiekty morali [Preface. Hume D. A Treatise of Human Nature: An attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning about objects morality]. Kyiv, Vsesvit Publ., 2003. 552 p.

Panich O.O. Rozvidky z istorii skeptytsyzmu v brytano-amerykanskii epistemologii. Chastyna persha: brytanska moderna filosofia [Research into skepticism history in British and American epistemology. Part one: modern British philosophy]. Donetsk, National University Publ., 2007. 524 p.

Heidegger M. Vremya kartiny mira [The age of the World Picture]. Moscow, Respublika Publ., 1993. 447 p.

Butler A.M., Donald C. Ainslie. Humes Early Biography and a Treatise on Human Nature. The Cambridge Companion to Hume's Treatise. Cambridge University Press Publ., 2015. pр. 1-13. doi: 10.1017/cco9781139016100.003

Clarke Desmond M. Descartes: A Biography. Cambridge University Press Publ., 2006, 520 p. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511498077

Greenberg. S. ‘Naturalism’ and ‘Skepticism’ in Hume's Treatise of Human Nature. Philosophy Compass, vol. 3, issue 4, pp. 721-733. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-9991.2008.00143.x

Hume D. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. The Philosophical Works of David Hume. Edinburg, LONDON Publ., 1826. 603 p. doi: 10.1037/12868-000

Hume D. A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume. Oxford, Clarendon Press Publ., 1896. 435 p. doi: 10.1037/12868-000

Neto J.R. M. «Acquired Skepticism in the Seventeenth Century». Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin; [Proceedings of the Conference "Skepticism from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment: Conference in Memory of Richard H. Popkin (1923 — 2005)"], Brazil, 2009, pp. 309-324.

Norton D.F., Taylor J. An introduction to Hume’s thought. The Cambridge Companion to David Hume. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Publ., 2009. pp. 1-32. doi: 10.1017/ccol9780521859868.001

Richard Popkin. Hume and Jurieu. The High Road to Pyrrhonism. San Diego, Austin Hill Press Inc. Publ., 1980. 385 p.

GOST Style Citations

  1. Гвардини, Р. Конец нового времени / Р. Гвардини // Вопросы философии. – 1990. – № 4. – С. 127–163.
  2. Касавин, И. Т. Юм Дэвид. Парадоксы познания / И. Т. Касавин // Вопросы философии. 2011. – №2. – C. 157–171.
  3. Кассирер, Э. Опыт о человеке: введение в философию человеческой культуры / Э. Кассирер // Проблема человека в западной философии [пер. с нем. А. Н.Муравьев]. Москва : Прогресс, 1988. – С. 3–30.
  4. Маливский, А. Н. Антропологизация базового проекта Декарта в современной историко-философской литературе / А. Н. Маливский // Sententiae. – 2013. – Т. XXVIII, № 1. – C. 51–63.
  5. Мосснер, Е. К. Передмова / Е. К. Мосснер // Трактат про людську природу: Спроба запровадження експериментального методу міркувань про об’єкти моралі [за ред. та з передм. Е. К. Мосснера. з англ. пер. П. Насада]. – Київ : Вид. дім «Всесвіт», 2003. – С. 11–28.
  6. Панич, О. О. Розвідки з історії скептицизму в британо-американській епістемології. Частина перша: британська модерна філософія (Гоббс, Локк, Барклі, Х‘юм, Рід) / О. О. Панич. – Донецьк : Дон. нац. ун-т, 2007). – 524 с.
  7. Хайдеггер, М. Время картины мира / М. Хайдеггер // Время и бытие: Статьи и выступления [пер. с нем., комм. В. В. Бибихина] – Москва : Республика, 1993. – с. 41–62.
  8. Butler, A. M. Humes Early Biography and A Treatise oh Human Nature / A. M. Butler // The Cambridge Companion to Hume's Treatise [ed. by D. C. Ainslie and A. Butler]. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2015. – Р. 1–13. doi: 10.1017/cco9781139016100.003
  9. Clarke, D. M. Descartes: A Biography / D. M. Clarke. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006. –520 p. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511498077
  10. Greenberg, S. ‘Naturalism’ and ‘Skepticism’ in Hume's Treatise of Human Nature / S. Greenberg // Philosophy Compass. – 2008. – Vol. 3, Iss. 4, – p. 721–733. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-9991.2008.00143.x
  11. Hume, D. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding / D. Hume // The Philosophical Works of David Hume. – Edinburg; London : Little, Brown, 1826. – P. 1–233. doi: 10.1037/12868-000
  12. Hume, D. A Treatise of Human Nature / D. Hume. – Oxford : The Clarendon Press, 1896. – 435 p. doi: 10.1037/12868-000
  13. Neto, J. R. M. «Acquired Skepticism in the Seventeenth Century». Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin / J. R. M. Neto, G. Paganini, J. C. Laursen // Proc. of the Conf. (22.11–25.11.2007): "Skepticism from the Renasissance to the Enlightenment: a Conference in Memory of Richard H. Popkin (1923 – 2005)". – Brazil, 2009 – P. 309–324.
  14. Norton, D. F. An introduction to Hume’s thought / D. F. Norton, J. Taylor // The Cambridge Companion to David Hume. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2009. – P. 1–39. doi: 10.1017/ccol9780521859868.001
  15. Popkin, R. Hume and Jurieu // R. H. Popkin // The High Road to Pyrrhonism. – San Diego : Austin Hill Press Inc., 1980. – P. 179.



A. M. Malivskyi
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research  Issue: 13  First page: 124  Year: 2018  
doi: 10.15802/ampr.v0i13.132558

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.