ULTIMA RATIO DEORUM

Alexis V. Halapsis

Abstract


Purpose of this article is to investigate the role that the "miraculous" – that is, everything that goes beyond “natural” – plays in the worldview of Western man. Methodology. I do not consider “miracles” as the facts of nature, but as the facts of culture, so in this article I am not talking about specific cases of violation of “laws of nature”, but about the place of “miraculous” in the view of the world of Western man and those transformations, that occur with this element outlook influenced the development of information technologies. Novelty. It has been proved that miracles should be sought in mind, because the “miraculous” event does our attitude towards it. Moreover, it is impossible to determine the “true miracle”, while we are “inside” the reality. It has been demonstrated that influenced the development of society is transformed representations of gods and miracles. It has been discovered fundamental shift associated with the transition from mythology-as-faith to mythology-as-show. However, even within the latter remains a need for miracles, though, and goes to a completely different level. Conclusions. The term "miracle" has no meaning outside of accepted socio-cultural settings. The last set as the “natural” conditions and admissibility (inadmissibility) of its violation. And these installations are formed by social institutions, which in this age and at this time have a weight sufficient to impose their views to all the congregation or the greater part. Any extraordinary event can be explained by the action of internal agents unknown to us, and their ability to alter the reality is not necessarily superior to even our own capabilities. The only thing we can not do – is to change the source code of being (e.g., fundamental physical constants). This could make only creatures that are not spelled out in these source codes. However, people have not seen anything like it, and scarcely become witnesses of such events.


Keywords


miracles; reality; gods; virtual reality; theology; laws of nature

References


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GOST Style Citations


  1. Халапсис, А. В. Чудеса и совершенство бытия: Теологические корни научных концепций / А. В. Халапсис // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2016. – Вип. 9. – С. 70–77. doi: 10.15802/ampr2016/72235
  2. Abrams, N. E. A God that could be real in the new scientific universe / N. E. Abrams // Zygon. – 2015. – Vol. 50, №. 2. – Р. 376–388. doi: 10.1111/zygo.12175
  3. Bostrom, N. Are we living in a computer simulation? / N. Bostrom // The Philosophical Quarterly. – 2003. – Vol. 53, Iss. 211. – P. 243–255. doi: 10.1111/1467-9213.00309
  4. Diogenes Laertius. Lives of eminent philosophers / Diogenes Laertius [transl. by R. D. Hicks]. – London; New York : William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam’s sons, 1925. – Vol. II. – 704 p.
  5. Fukuyama, F. Our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution / F. Fukuyama. – New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002. – 256 p.
  6. Hume, D. An enquiry concerning human understanding / D. Hume. – New York : Oxford University Press, 2007. – 238 p.
  7. Kurzweil, R. Human body version 2.0 / R. Kurzweil // The Scientific Conquest of Death: Essays on Infinite Lifespans. – Buenos Aires : LibrosEnRed, 2004. – P. 93–106.
  8. Newton, I. Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica / I. Newton. – 3 ed. – Londini : Guil. & Joh. Innys, Regiae Societatis typographos, 1726. – 538 p.
  9. Page, B. The dispositionalist Deity: How God creates laws and why theists should care / B. Page // Zygon. – 2015. – Vol. 50, Iss. 1. – P. 113–137. doi: 10.1111/zygo.12150
  10. Philo. The works / Philo [transl. by F. H. Colson]. – Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 1985. – Vol. IX. – 560 p.
  11. Steinhart, E. C. Your digital afterlives: computational theories of life after death / E. C. Steinhart. – Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. – 280 p. doi: 10.1057/9781137363862




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i10.87313

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