AMBIGUOUS JANUS OF MODERN DEMOCRACY

Volodymyr V. Khmil

Abstract


Purpose. The purpose of the research is to analyze ambiguous concept of  democracy as a phenomenon of political and social formation based on political and instrumental approach. As a result, some deep fundamentals of  human social existence and values as social life basis are blurred. Task. The task of  this investigation is to reveal the concept of democracy in its invariative philosophical  meaning and find the consequences of global social transformations towards social entropy. Methods of investigation. To implement the task an activity approach has been used with further possibility to single out two approaches - politological and philosophical. The focus on democracy from philosophic point of view makes possible to anticipate negative entropic processes that lead  to future ambiguity. Subject matter. Chaotic social processes can result in  ruined family, spiritual, legal and moral formations. Regulatory and legal paradigms are becoming less effective and entail disintegration of spiritual and value constituents of worldview causing necessary conditions for social entropy. Originality and Findings. Possible threats for human freedom that hinder the way to targeted  prospects of mankind have been considered in the paper. Thus, taking into account all positive aspects of democracy, it is simultaneously becoming the tool of continuous differentiation of society into tiny autonomous communities similar to nomadic atomization of society. The concept based on moral substantial existence basis as in “axis time” by K. Jaspers that can prevent social entropy resulting in world anthropologic catastrophes has been grounded in the present research.


Keywords


society; democracy; human being; social entropy; European culture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berdyayev N.A. Volya k zhyzni i volya k kulture. Smysl istorii [Will for life and culture. Sence of history]. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1990. pp. 97-178.

Berlin I. Filisofiya svobody. Evropa. Predisloviye A. Etkinda [Philosophy of freedom. Europe. Preface by A. Etkind]. Moscow, Novoye literaturnoye obozreniye Publ., 2011. 448 p.

Halchynskyi A.S. Hlobalni transformatsii, konseptualni alternatyvy. Metodolohichni aspekty [Global transformations, conceptual alternatives. Methodological aspects]. Kyiv, Lybid Publ., 2006. 312 p.

Ilin M.V. Sushestvuyut li obshiye printsypy evolutsii [Are there any universal evolution principles?] Polis. Politicheskiye issledovaniya – Policy. Political studies, 2009, no. 2, pp. 186-189.

Knyazeva Ye.N., Kurdyumov S.P. Osnovaniya sinergetiki: chelovek, konstruiruyushiy sebya i svoyo budushcheye [Synergy basis: a person modelling himself and his future]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2006, 231 p.

Markudze G. Eros i tsivilizatsiya. Odnomernyy chelovek: Issledovaniye ideologii razvitogo industrialnogo obshchestva [Eros and civilisation. One-dimensional man: Research on ideology of a developed industrial society]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2002, 526 p.

Khaytun S.D. Sotsialnaya evolutsiya, etropiya i rynok [Social evolution, entropy and market]. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost – Social sciences, 2000, no. 6, pp. 94-109.

Hammer E., Adorno's Modernism: Art, Experience, and Catastrophe. Cambrige, Cambridge University Press Publ., 2015. 228 p. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781316399002.

Ibo van de Poel, L. Royakkers, S.D. Zwart. Moral Responsibility and the Problem of Many Hands. Abingdon-on-Thames, Routledge Publ., 2015, 226 p. doi: 10.4324/9781315734217.

Fukuyama F. The End of History and the Last Man. Los Angeles, Avon Books Publ., 1992. 418 p.

Khmil V., Khmil T. Anthropological aspect of the nature of the state. Anthropological measurements of philosophical research, 2015, no. 7, pp.7-15.

Marino P. Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World. Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press Publ., 2015, 201 p. Avavilable at: http://www.mqup.ca/moral-reasoning-in-a-pluralistic-world-products-9780773546158.php. (Accessed 9 June 2016).


GOST Style Citations


  1. Бердяев, Н. А. Воля к жизни и воля к культуре / Н. А. Бердяев // Смысл Истории. – Москва : Мысль, 1990 – с. 97–178.
  2. Берлин, И. Философия свободы. Европа / И. Берлин // Предисловие А. Эткинда. – Москва : Новое литературное обозрение, 2011. – 448 с.
  3. Гальчинський, А. С. Глобальні трансформації: концептуальні альтернативи. Методологічні аспекти: Наук. вид. / А. С. Гальчинський – Київ : Либідь, 2006. – 312 с.
  4. Ильин, М. В. Существуют ли общие принципы эволюции? / М. В. Ильин // Полис. Политические исследования. – 2009. – № 2. – С. 186–189.
  5. Князева, Е. Н. Основания синергетики. Человек, конструирующий себя и свое будущее / Е. Н. Князева, С. П. Курдюмов. – Москва : КомКнига, 2006. – 231 с.
  6. Маркудзе, Г. Эрос и цивилизация. Одномерный человек. Исследование идеологии развитого индустриального общества / Г. Маркудзе [пер. с нем. А. А. Юдина]. – Москва : АСТ, 2002. – 526 с.
  7. Хайтун, С. Д. Социальная эволюция, энтропия и рынок / С. Д. Хайтун // Общественные науки и современность. – 2000. - № 6. – С. 94–109.
  8. Hammer, E. Adorno's Modernism: Art, Experience, and Catastrophe / E. Hammer. – Cambrige : Cambridge University Press, 2015. – 228 p. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781316399002.
  9. Ibo van de Poel Moral Responsibility and the Problem of Many Hands / Ibo van de Poel, L. Royakkers, S. D. Zwart. – Abingdon-on-Thames : Routledge, 2015. – 226 p. doi: 10.4324/9781315734217.
  10. Fukuyama, F. The End of History and the Last Man / F. Fukuyama. – Los Angeles: Avon Books, 1992. – 418 p
  11. Khmil, V. Anthropological aspect of the nature of the state / V. Khmil, T. Khmil // Anthropological measurements of philosophical research. – 2015. – №7. – P. 7–15.
  12. Marino, P. Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World [Electronic resource] / P. Marino. – Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, 2015. – 216 p. – Avavilable at: http://www.mqup.ca/moral-reasoning-in-a-pluralistic-world-products-9780773546158.php. – Title from the screen. – Accessed: 09.June.2016.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2016/72228

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.