L. V. Osadcha


Purpose. The article is devoted to clarifying the role of physicality and psycho-physical characteristics of a person as a preconditions of the mentality forming. It is conducted a retrospective analysis of discourse on the mentality, the history of the concept, its temporal characteristics and collective conditioning. The concept of mentality has been widely studied in various fields of socio-humanities such as: history, psychology, and even marginal context of scientific discourses, including the esoteric. This study attempted to analyse the mentality phenomenon through the prism of the concept of experience. Methodology. The concept of experience was acquired by essential justification through the representatives of the phenomenological approach - the late Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Bernhard Valdenfels. On the other hand the concept of mentality as a form of collective unconscious experience was entered to the scientific vocabulary by the representatives of the French historical science - M. Bloch, L. Febvre, J. Le Goff and others. At the intersection of these two methods, historical and phenomenological, the genetic method has been established – as a history of coverage and experience of internalization. Thanks to the application of genetic method the transition of phenomenon into the concept was examined. Novelty. The problem of change dynamics of mental phenomenon, in particular psycho-physical nature of a person, which has been only mentioned in F. Braudel works but has not received the adequate theoretical coverage, is analysed. To explain the practices of physicality and causality of this factor the action component of the cultural the overview of developments of such authors as V. Rozin (2005), M. Epstein (2005), N. Brunov (2003), A. Soares, M. Farhangmehr, A. Shoham (2007), D. Vaskul, F. Vannini Hospital (2012) was committed. Conclusions. The transition to paradoxical behaviour that is oriented on sign, and not on signalling actions, to the productive, and not to reactive activity, transformed the human physicality, as well as the person's self-image and contributed to the formation of specifically human environment of existence, which is called in the broadest sense the world of culture, but not nature.


mentality; the dynamics of collective representations; physicality; symbolically loaded behavior; gender differences; solidarity; social Integration


Belik A. Kulturologiya. Antropologicheskiye teorii kultur [Cultural studies. Anthropological theories of cultures]. Available at: (Accessed 24.Nov.2015).

Blok M. Apologiya istorii ili remeslo istorika [Apology of history or the craft of the historian]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1986. 236 p.

Brodel F. Istoriya i obshchestvennye nauki. Istoricheskaya dlitelnost [History and social science. Historical duration]. Available at: (Accessed 24.Nov.2015).

Brunov N.I. Ocherki po istorii mirovoy arkhitektury. T. 1 [Essays on the history of world architecture. Vol. 1]. Moscow, Tsentrpoligraf Publ., 2003. 400 p.

Gurevich A.Ya. Izbrannye trudy. Srednevekovyy mir [Selected works. The medieval world]. Saint-Petersburg, izdatelstvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta Publ., 2007. 560 p.

Kun T., Neletov I.Z. Logika i metodologiya nauki. Struktura nauchnykh revolyutsіy [The logic and methodology of science. The structure of scientific revolutions]. Available at: (Accessed 25.Nov.2015).

Rozin V.M. Kulturologiya: Uchebnik [Cultural Studies: extbook]. Moscow, Gardariki Publ., 2005. 462 p.

Epshteyn M. Telo na perekrestke vremen. K filosofii osyazaniya [The body is at the crossroad of time. To the philosophy of touch]. Voprosy filosofii – The problems of philosophy, 2005, no.8, pp. 66-82.

Waskul D., Vannini P. Introduction: the Body in Symbolic Interaction. Body/Embodiment: Symbolic Interaction and the Sociology of the Body. Wilshire, Ashgate Publishing Publ., 2012, pp. 1-19.

Soares, A.M., Farhangmehr M., Shoham A. Hofstede's dimensions of culture in international marketing studies. Journal of Business Research, 2007, vol. 60, pp. 277-284.

GOST Style Citations

1. Белик, А. Культурология. Антропологические теории культур [Електронний ресурс] / А. Белик. – Режим доступу: – Назва з екрана. – Перевырено 24.11.2015.

2. Блок, М. Апология истории или ремесло историка / М. Блок. – Москва: Наука, 1986. – 236 с.

3. Бродель, Ф. История и общественные науки. Историческая длительность [Електронний ресурс] / Ф. Бродель. – Режим доступа: – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено 24.11.2015.

4. Брунов, Н. И. Очерки по истории мировой архитектуры. Т. 1. / Н. И. Брунов. – Москва : Центрполиграф, 2003. – 400 с.

5. Гуревич, А. Я. Избранные труды. Средневековый мир / А. Я. Гуревич. – Санкт-Петербург : Изд-во С-Петерб. ун-та, 2007. – 560 с. 

6. Кун, Т. Логика и методология науки. Структура научных революцый [Електронний ресурс] / Т. Кун / Перевод с английского И. З. Налетова. – Режим доступу: – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено 25.11.2015.

7. Розин, В. М. Культурология: Учебник. – 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. / В. М. Розин. – Москва : Гардарики, 2005. – 462 с.

8. Эпштейн, М. Тело на перекрестке времен. К философии осязания / М. Эпштейн // Вопросы философии. – 2005. – №8. – С. 66-82. 

9. Waskul, D. Introduction: the Body in Symbolic Interaction / D. Waskul, P. Vannini // Body/Embodiment: Symbolic Interaction and the Sociology of the Body. –Wilshire : Ashgate Publishing, 2012. – p. 1–19.

10. Soares, A. M. Hofstede's dimensions of culture in international marketing studies / A. M. Soares, M. Farhangmehr, A. Shoham // Journal of Business Research. – 2007. – Vol. 60 – Р. 277–284. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2006.10.018


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.