DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2015/43697

ETHICS OF LIABILITY K.-O.APELY IN THE LANDSCAPES OF CONTRACTUALISM

Dmytro V. Usov

Abstract


The purpose is to analyse comprehensively the work of the famous German philosopher K-O. Apel through the light of the urgent needs for a comprehensive study of modern contractualism and the development of new variants of philosophical anthropology. In this context to reveal April’s thesis that the main background for the possibility of understanding between people is the ideal communicative community and its attempts to discourse ethics, new, practical content. Methodology. In order to make a sequential analysis of the basic components and principles of ethical responsibility in K-O. Apel’s view of counteractualism the author uses genealogical, hermeneutic and comparative methods that allow to reconstruct Apel’s philosophy as the ethics of global responsibility and solidarity of communicative interaction under the conditions of global environmental and social crisis and the urgent need of vital combination of social contract idea, fairness and responsibility. Scientific novelty. The purpose of the article is clearly defined and productive methodological principles consistently enabled the author to find out that Apel perceives the source of social agreement in rational desire of each participant to obey voluntarily the relevant rules and procedures. And a true freedom and responsibility are based on the correlation of the rights and duties; respect them, which is more significant for the enforcement of their conventional or forced recognition. It is also investigated the attempt of K.-O. Apel to enable such an agreement and understanding between people, which would take into account the following important human virtues and aspirations, respect, justice and solidarity. And above all they are important as being the social and existential foundations for a new philosophical and anthropological discourse. It is consistently proved that in the context of substantial interest of justification was established the algorithms of universal values of modern philosophical anthropology, which will become the core of Apel’s responsible person. Excluding the ethical component of this or that agreement, the essence of democratic behaviour changes to rational behaviour of the participants and to the law validity of agreements belongs only the effectiveness in achieving the best interests of their members. It was reconstructed the memories of K.-O. Apel and Y. Habermas about the need and methodological importance of significance of epistemological (or methodological) solipsism of modern philosophy and its replacement by the concepts of "understanding", "agreement", "communication" within which even a single person can know and understand the world. Conclusions. An important feature of the latest philosophical theories, which include communication philosophy of K.-O. Apel is their organic belonging to the realm of discussion about the search of moral foundations of modern society where basic ethical guidelines and values must leave and eventually leave the sphere of private life, indicating that real attempts to overcome the fragmentation and dispersion of responsibility of the individual. It was exactly K.-O. Apel who stresses that collective irresponsibility should be replaced by collective responsibility.


Keywords


social contract; communication; communicative society; responsibility

References


Apel K.-O. Diskurs і vidpovidalnist’: problema perehoda do postkonventsionalnoyi etiki [Discourse and responsibility: the problem of transition to the post-ethics]. Kyiv Publ., Duh і Litera. 2009. 430p.

Byoler D. Vidpovidalnist’ za maybutnye z globalnoyi perspektivi [Responsibility for the future with a global perspective]. Kyiv Publ., Stilos. 2014. 157p.

Habermas Y. Zaluchennya inshogo. Studii z politichnoyi teoriyi [Attracting more. Studies in Political Theory]. Lviv Publ., Astrolabiya. 2006. 416p.

Yermolenko A. Komunikativna praktichna filisofiya [Communicative practical philosophy]. Kyiv Publ., Libra. 1999. 488p.

Korkh O., Khmel V. Transtsendentni sviti genderu [Transcendental aspects of gender]. Antropolohichni vymiry filosofskikh doslidzhen – Anthropological measurements of philosophical research. 2014, issue 5, pp. 69-76.

Sytnichenko L. Pershodzherela komunikativnoyi filosofiyi [Primary Korkh O., Khmel V. Transtsendentni sviti genderu [Transcendental aspects of gender]. Antropolohichni vymiry filosofskikh doslidzhen – Anthropological measurements of philosophical research. 2014, issue 5, pp. 69-76.Sources of communicative philosophy]. Kyiv Publ., Libid’. 1996. 176p.

Sytnichenko L. Suchasna nimetska praktichna filosofiya: transformatsiya transtsendentalnoyi paradigmi [Modern German practical philosophy: transcendental transformation of paradigm]. Praktichna filosofiya. 2011. issue 3, pp. 183-192.

Usov D. Komunikativna versiya teoriyi suspilnoyi ugodi: Y. Habermas [Communicative version of the social contract theory: Y. Habermas]. Praktichna filosofiya. 2011. issue 3, pp. 193-197.

Habermas Y. Moralnoye soznaniye i kommunikativnoye deystviye [Moral consciousness and communicative action]. SPb, Nauka, 2001. 379p.

Hoffe O. Politika. Pravo. Spravedlivost. Osnovopolozheniya kriticheskoy filosofiyi prava i gosudarstva [Policy. Right. Justice. Fundamental principle of the critical philosophy of law and state]. Moscow, Gnozis, 1994. 328p.

Apel K.-O. Transformation der Philosophie. – Fr./am Main: Suhrkamp, Bd.2, 1973. – 378 S.

Honneth A. Das Recht der Freiheit. Grundriss einer demokratischen Sittlichkeit. – Fr./am Main: Suhrkamp, 2013. – 628 S.

Reflexion und Verantvortung. Auseinandersetzungen mit Karl-Otto Apel.–Fr./am Main: Suhrkamp, 2003.–436 S.


GOST Style Citations


1. Апель К.-О. Дискурс і відповідальність: проблема переходу до постконвенціональної етики. – К.: Дух і Літера, 2009. – 430 с.

2. Бьолер Д. Відповідальність за майбутнє з глобальної перспективи. – К.: Стилос, 2014, –157 с.

3. Габермас Ю. Залучення іншого. Студії з політичної теорії. – Львів: Астролябія, 2006. – 416 с.

4. Єрмоленко А.М. Комунікативна практична філософія. – К.: Лібра, 1999. – 488 с.

5. Корх О.М., Хміль В.В. Трансцендентні світи гендеру // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2014.– Вип. 5. – С.69-76.

6. Ситніченко Л.А. Першоджерела комунікативної філософії. – К.: Либідь, 1996. – 176 с.

7. Ситніченко Л.А. Сучасна німецька практична філософія: трансформація трансцендентальної парадигми // Практична філософія – К., 2011. – №3. – С.183-192.

8. Усов Д.В. Комунікативна версія теорії суспільної угоди: Ю. Габермас // Практична філософія. – К., 2011. – №3 (41). – С.193-197.

9. Хабермас Ю. Моральное сознание и коммуникативное действие. – СПб,: Наука, 2001. – 379 с.

10. Хеффе О. Политика. Право. Справедливость. Основоположения критической философии права и государства. – М.: Гнозис, 1994. – 328 с.

11. Apel K.-O. Transformation der Philosophie. – Fr./am Main: Suhrkamp, Bd.2, 1973. – 378 S.

12. Honneth A. Das Recht der Freiheit. Grundriss einer demokratischen Sittlichkeit. – Fr./am Main: Suhrkamp, 2013. – 628 S.

13. Reflexion und Verantvortung. Auseinandersetzungen mit Karl-Otto Apel. –Fr./am Main:Suhrkamp, 2003.–436 S.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.