METAPHYSICAL REVOLUTION OF DESCARTES AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PROJECT

Anatolii M. Malivskyi

Abstract


The purpose is to reveal and comprehend forms of influence metaphysical' revolution for a way of interpretation of the anthropological project by Descartes on the basis of investigations of modern dekartes's researchers, that is the recognition of a fundamental role of metaphysics. Methodology. As methodological base modern investigations of dekartes's researchers accenting a fundamental role of metaphysics and expediency of unbiassed judgment of heritage of the great thinker are used. The scientific novelty. The transformation of the anthropological project is outlined as manifestation of metaphysical revolution. It is about a transcendencecy of naive anthropology (as an embodiment of reductive mindset), that is interpretations of human nature as its corporality and transition to metaphysical anthropology which consists in upholding of unconditional priority of human thinking as associated with God. As result of transition concentration of attention on intense human nature, that is at tension between sensuality and intelligence, aspiration to truth and tendency to delusion, between Life and Nothing, etc. Conclusions. The appeal to the incomplete anthropological project of Descartes on the basis of innovative researches allows proving the thesis about influence of metaphysical revolution on a way of its interpretation. The main forms of oriented to science ideals of naive anthropology, trust in evidence of the senses, atheism, interpretation of science as the main form of detection rationality of human nature, which Descartes tends constructively to overcome in the text of "meditation", are highlighted. During creation of metaphysical anthropology the attention of the thinker is drawn by the fact of impossibility of comprehension of human nature by means of natural-science rationality and expediency of the appeal to metaphysics. The subject of attention of the thinker is the tension between sensuality and intelligence, need for truth and tendency to delusion, ontologic tension between Life and Nothing etc.


Keywords


metaphysical revolution; anthropological project; naive anthropology; metaphysical anthropology; thinking; corporality; reductionism

References


Dekart R. Medytatsiyi pro pershu filosofiyu / Metafizychni medytatsiyi // «Medytatsiyi» Dekarta u dzerkali suchasnykh tlumachen': Zhan-Mari Beysad, Zhan-Lyuk Maryon, Kim San On-Van-Kun. Per. z fr. i lat. – K.: Dukh i Litera, 2014. – 368pp.,115-292pp.

Dekart R. Mirkuvannya pro metod, shchob pravyl'no spryamuvaty sviy rozum i vidshukovuvaty istynu v naukakh K.: Tandem 2001, 104 pp.

Dekart R. Chelovek. / per. s frants. B.M. Skuratov, sost., red., posl. y prym. T.A. Dmytryev. – M.: Praksys, 2012.-128pp.

Malivs'kyy A. Dekartivs'ke osmyslennya pryrody lyudyny v «Mirkuvannyakh pro metod» // Antropolohichni vymiry filosofs'kykh doslidzhen'. # 6, s. 13-144pp.

Malyvskyy A.N. Antropolohyzatsyya bazovoho proekta Dekarta v sovremennoy ystoryko-fylosofskoy lyterature // Sententiae/ XXVIII. 1 2013.51-63pp.

Maryon Zhan-Lyuk «Yaku metafizyku mistyt' metod?» //Dekart R. Medytatsiyi pro pershu filosofiyu / Metafizychni medytatsiyi // «Medytatsiyi» Dekarta u dzerkali suchasnykh tlumachen': Zhan-Mari Beysad, Zhan-Lyuk Maryon, Kim San On-Van-Kun. Per. z fr. i lat. – K.: Dukh i Litera, 2014. – 67-92pp.

Khoma O. Istoryko-filosofs'ki stereotypy ta suchasne prochytannya Dekartovykh «Medytatsiy» // Dekart R.

Medytatsiyi pro pershu filosofiyu / Metafizychni medytatsiyi // «Medytatsiyi» Dekarta u dzerkali suchasnykh tlumachen': Zhan-Mari Beysad, Zhan-Lyuk Maryon, Kim San On-Van-Kun. Per. z fr. i lat. – K.: Dukh i Litera, 2014. – 368pp, 333-360pp.

Alanen Lilli. Descartes’s concept of mind. Harvard. 2003. 370p.

Bitbol-Hesperies A. Cartesian physiology// Descartes' Natural Philosophy/ ed. вy Stephen Gaukroger, John Schuster, John Sutton. – London: Routledge, 2000. –349–382pp.

Descartes R. OEuvres complètes in 11 vol. – Paris: Vrin, publiées par Ch. Adam et P. Tannery, 1996.

Detlefsen Karen (ed.) Descartes Meditation: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press, 2013, 264pp.

Gaukroger Stephen. Descartes: Аn Іintellectual Вiography. 1995. 520p.

Gaukroger Stephen (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Descartes Meditations, Blackwell Publishing, 2006, 288p.

Gillespie Alex. Descartes' demon: a dialogical analysis of meditations on first philosophy. Theory & psychology, 16 (6). 2006,761-781 pp.

Horner Robyn. Jean-Luc Marion. A Theo-logical Introduction. 2005. Ashgate website:htpp//www.ashgate.com

Kyoo Lee, Reading Descartes Otherwise: Blind, Mad, Dreamy, and Bad, Fordham University Press, 2013, 219pp.

Latour Bruno, An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns, Catherine Porter (tr.), Harvard University Press, 2013, 486pp.

Marion Jean-Luc. On Descartes Methaphysical Prism. The Constitution and the Limits of Onto-theo-logy in Cartesin Thought. Translated by Jeffrey L. Kosky. University of Chicago Press (1999) 388 p.

Marion Jean-Luc. On the Ego and on the God. Further Cartesian Questions. New- York. 2007. 277p.

Naaman an-Zauderer Noam, Descartes Deontological Turn: Reason, Will, and Virtue in the Later Writing, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 224p.

Southwell Gareth. A Beginner’s Guide to Descartes’s Meditations. Blackwell Publishing. 2008.

Simmons Alison. (2013) «Re-Humanizing Descartes». Philosophical Exchange. Vol. 41. Iss.I, Article 2. р. 53-71. avaiable at: htpp: / / digital commons. brockport.edu/phil _exc/vol41/iss1/2

Wilson Catherine WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF DESCARTES’S MEDITATION SIX? // Philosophica 76 2005, 67-90pp.


GOST Style Citations


1. Декарт Р. Медитації про першу філософію / Метафізичні медитації // «Медитації» Декарта у дзеркалі сучасних тлумачень: Жан-Марі Бейсад, Жан-Люк Марйон, Кім Сан Он-Ван-Кун. Пер. з фр. і лат. – К.: Дух і Літера, 2014. – 368с., с.115-292.

2. Декарт Р. Міркування про метод, щоб правильно спрямувати свій розум і відшуковувати істину в науках К.: Тандем 2001, 104 c.

3. Декарт Р. Человек. / пер. с франц. Б.М. Скуратов, сост., ред., посл. и прим. Т.А. Дмитриев. – М.: Праксис, 2012. – 128 с.

4. Малівський А. Декартівське осмислення природи людини в «Міркуваннях про метод» // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. № 6, с.13-144.

5. Маливский А.Н. Антропологизация базового проекта Декарта в современной историко-философской литературе // Sententiae/XXVIII. 1 2013. c.51-63.

6. Марйон Жан-Люк «Яку метафізику містить метод?» //Декарт Р. Медитації про першу філософію / Метафізичні медитації // «Медитації» Декарта у дзеркалі сучасних тлумачень: Жан-Марі Бейсад, Жан-Люк Марйон, Кім Сан Он-Ван-Кун. Пер. з фр. і лат. – К.: Дух і Літера, 2014. – с. 67-92.

7. Хома О. Історико-філософські стереотипи та сучасне прочитання Декартових «Медитацій» // Декарт Р. Медитації про першу філософію / Метафізичні медитації // «Медитації» Декарта у дзеркалі сучасних тлумачень: Жан-Марі Бейсад, Жан-Люк Марйон, Кім Сан Он-Ван-Кун. Пер. з фр. і лат. – К.: Дух і Літера, 2014. – 368с, 333-360.

8. Alanen Lilli. Descartes’s concept of mind. Harvard. 2003. 370p.

9. Bitbol-Hesperies A. Cartesian physiology// Descartes' Natural Philosophy/ ed. вy Stephen Gaukroger, John Schuster, John Sutton. – London: Routledge, 2000. – Р. 349–382.

10. Descartes R. OEuvres complètes in 11 vol. – Paris: Vrin, publiées par Ch. Adam et P. Tannery, 1996.

11. Detlefsen Karen (ed.) Descartes Meditation: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press, 2013, 264pp.

12. Gaukroger Stephen. Descartes: Аn Іintellectual Вiography. 1995. 520p.

13. Gaukroger Stephen (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Descartes Meditations, Blackwell Publishing, 2006, 288p.

14. Gillespie Alex. Descartes' demon: a dialogical analysis of meditations on first philosophy. Theory & psychology, 16 (6). pp. 761-781. 2006.

15. Horner Robyn. Jean-Luc Marion. A Theo-logical Introduction. 2005. Ashgate website: htpp//www.ashgate.com

16. Kyoo Lee, Reading Descartes Otherwise: Blind, Mad, Dreamy, and Bad, Fordham University Press, 2013, 219pp.

17. Latour Bruno, An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns, Catherine Porter (tr.), Harvard University Press, 2013, 486pp. 18. Marion Jean-Luc. On Descartes Methaphysical Prism. The Constitution and the Limits of Onto theology in Cartesin Thought. Translated by Jeffrey L. Kosky. University of Chicago Press (1999) 388 p.

19. Marion Jean-Luc. On the Ego and on the God. Further Cartesian Questions. New- York. 2007. 277p.

20. Naaman an-Zauderer Noam, Descartes Deontological Turn: Reason, Will, and Virtue in the Later Writing, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 224pp.

21. Southwell Gareth. A Beginner’s Guide to Descartes’s Meditations. Blackwell Publishing. 2008.

22. Simmons Alison. (2013) «Re-Humanizing Descartes». Philosophical Exchange. Vol. 41. Iss.I, Article 2. р. 53-71. avaiable at: htpp: / / digital commons. brockport.edu/phil _exc/vol41/iss1/2

23. Wilson Catherine WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF DESCARTES’S MEDITATION SIX? // Philosophica 76 2005 pp. 67-90.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2015/43692

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.