DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PROBLEMS OF DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY

M. S. Zakharchenko

Abstract


The purpose. The article presents deep analyzes of legitimacy and the basics of the process of legitimization in democratic societies. The subject of article is to provide an understanding of deliberative democracy as the answer to the discussion about the essence of democratic legitimacy. The core element of deliberative democracy is a theory of discursive legitimating. Methodology. Taking into account Bourdieu’s theory about symbolic power author explains the processes of legitimization as well as the processes of institute’s delegitimization. Author points out that the form of bureaucratic institutes in the late capitalism may cause the delegitimazation of their power. Another problem of democratic legitimacy is the confusion of the voting as procedure of decision making and voting as legitimate principle. Addressing the theory of Pierre Rosanvallon author explains how the way of decision making mistakenly is taken as the core point of democratic legitimacy. Scientific novelty of received results consists of the approach of deliberative democracy in the light of the problems of democratic legitimacy. Conclusions. The author demonstrates that discursive legitimacy as the main idea of deliberative democracy may clarify the misconception of democratic legitimacy. It is not enough to explain the legitimating power of the state as based on the assumption of legal norms and moral principles. It is discursive principle that activates the legitimacy power of state decisions. 


Keywords


democratic legitimacy; deliberative democracy; discursive ethics

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References


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СПИСОК ВИКОРИСТАНИХ ДЖЕРЕЛ / СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННЫХ ИСТОЧНИКОВ

(ДСТУ ГОСТ 7.1:2006)

Розанвалон П’єр. Демократична легітимність. Безсторонність, рефлексивність, наближеність / П. Розанвалон ; пер. з фр. Є.Т. Марічев. – К. : Києво-Могилянська академія, 2009.

Benhabib, Seyla. Toward a deliberative model of democratic legitimacy // Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political Seyla Benhabib, ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996, pp. 67-95.

Dryzek, John S. Legitimacy and Economy in Deliberative Democracy, Political Theory, 29 (2001): 651-669. [Reprinted in Colin Farrelly, ed., Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader. London: Sage, 2004].

Habermas Jürgen. Between facts and norms: contributions to a discourse theory of law and democracy, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996.

Habermas Jürgen. Legitimationsprobleme im Spätkapitalismus“; Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1973.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2014/35744

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