In Search of Individual and Social Sense
Keywords:life’s sense, man, society, identity, trauma, interaction, war, polyvagal theory, Boсheński, Weinhold, Porges
Purpose. The author of this article aims to present and analyze the views of Józef Maria Bocheński concerning the issue of the question of life’s sense based on the text "Sens życia i inne eseje". From the philosopher’s reflections under the theme of the impossibility of life’s sense in the case of community, the author analyzes Ukrainian society and tries to find an answer to the question, can the human community’s sense exist? Among the tasks are the following: to apply the views of Barry and Janae Weinhold and the polyvagal theory of Stephen Porges; to express reflections on individual and social sense; indicate the potential reasons for the failure in searching for the Ukrainian national idea before Russia’s attack on Ukraine in February 2022, as well as identify general trends in the development of the Ukrainian idea as a result of Russia’s war against Ukraine. Theoretical basis. The methodological basis of the investigation is an analysis, synthesis, generalization, and analogy. Given the interdisciplinary approach, historical and psychological methods were used. It is noted that the most important feature of any group is interaction, which unites a number of other features into a single whole. Exactly the lack of interaction in Ukraine that necessitated the search for a national idea. After a full-scale Russian attack on Ukraine in 2022, there is a huge possibility to work through Ukrainian traumas, create a common identity, without an artificial division into West and East, and rebuild the state. Originality. The paper combines philosophical reflections and the latest psychological developments; in their application, firstly, in the universal plane, which applies to every person, and secondly, in relation to the Ukrainian, due to its history and politics. Conclusions. It has been argued that the search for the authentic sense of life occurs when a person has reworked their traumas and attained a stable state of mental health, when subconscious factors do not control a person. By analogy, the thesis is put forward that Ukrainian society must undergo psychotherapy, to overcome its historical, and military traumas. As a result of the brutal war, rapid integration processes are possible, the whole Ukrainian society is aware of the need to switch exclusively to the Ukrainian language and rethink Ukrainian identity and statehood, build a new historical narrative on the heroic attitude of Ukrainian society, new Ukrainian heroes, dead and alive. It is possible to use the Russian attack as a unifying factor for all Ukrainians, creating a sense of community, creating a modern image of Ukraine in the international arena as a defender of democratic rights, Europe, rethinking its history and in particular Ukrainian-Russian and Ukrainian-Polish relations; indicate the need to process new traumatic experiences.
Bocheński, J. M. (1993). Sens życia i inne eseje. Kraków: Philed. (in Polish)
Dana, D. (2020). Teoria poliwagalna w psychoterapii. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. (in Polish)
Donii, О. (Comp.). (2019). Transformatsiia ukrainskoi natsionalnoi idei. Kyiv: Nash format. (in Ukrainian)
Dziedzic, A. (2013). Józef Maria Bocheński o sensie życia. Filo-Sofija, 13(21), 85-98. (in Polish)
Lysyvets, A. (2019). "Skazhy pro shchaslyve zhyttia…". Kyiv: K.I.S. Retrieved from https://uinp.gov.ua/elektronni-vydannya/anastasiya-lysyvec-skazhy-pro-shchaslyve-zhyttya (in Ukrainian)
Mukharskyi, A. (2017). Natsionalna ideia modernoi Ukrainy. Kyiv: Ukrainskyi kulturnyi front. (in Ukrainian)
Ohiienko, V. (2018, July 8). Posttravmatychnyi stresovyi syndrom i kolektyvna travma v osobystykh naratyvakh svidkiv Holodomoru. Ukraina Moderna. Retrieved from https://uamoderna.com/md/ogienko-holodomor-trauma/ (in Ukrainian)
Ohiienko, V. (2020). Holodomor ochyma zhertvy: immobilizatsiia ta upokorennia pratseiu yak stratehiia vyzhyvannia. Ukrainskyi instytut natsionalnoi pamiati. Retrieved from http://uinp.gov.ua/informaciyni-materialy/statti/golodomor-ochyma-zhertvy-immobilizaciya-ta-upokorennya-praceyu-yak-strategiya-vyzhyvannya (in Ukrainian)
Porges, S. W. (2020). Teoria poliwagalna: Przewodnik. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. (in Polish)
Rosenberg, S. (2020). Terapeutyczna moc nerwu błędnego: praca z ciałem oparta na teorii poliwagalnej. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. (in Polish)
Shmigel, P. (2018, February 17). Ukrainians must address the nation’s collective post-traumatic stress disorder. Ukraine Democracy Initiative. Retrieved from http://ukrainedemocracy.org/?news=article-ukrainians-must-address-nations-collective-post-traumatic-stress-disorder (in English)
Weinhold, B. K., & Weinhold, J. B. (2011). Begstvo ot blizosti. Izbavlenie vashikh otnoshenii ot kontrzavisimosti – drugoi storony sozavisimosti (E. E. Shepeleva, Trans.). St. Petersburg: Izdatelskaya gruppa Ves. (in Russian)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).