anthropologization of science, researcher’s personality, subject of (scientific) cognition, multiform unity, enlightened person, paideia, self-realization, originative co-generative co-determinative strengths of knowledge


Purpose. With the consideration of anthropological tendencies in modern science, the purpose of the article is to analyze the problem of the subject of cognition, philosophical-psychological rationale for the need to complement it by the concept of "the researcher’s personality". Theoretical basis. The authors rely on post-non-classical methodological tools and basic principles of complexity theory (autopoiesis, auto-eco-organization, synergy, syzygy, targeted and cyclic determination), as well as theoretical provisions of epistemological constructivism (enactivism), the results of theoretical and empirical psychological studies. In them, authors revealed psychological features of the potential of self-realization of a person prone to innovation and research activities and transfessionalism, including the resources and reserves of the researcher’s personality. Originality. The concept of the subject of (scientific) cognition is expanded by the concept of "researcher’s personality" and derivative concepts that describe the dynamics of self-harmonization of originative co-generative strengths and opportunities of self-realization of an enlightened person, reveal the degree of correlation in the cognition of the subjective and objective dimensions of his life. It is substantiated that further analysis of the problem of anthropologization of science requires appropriate onto-epistemological grounds that reveals the unity of cognition-education-skill as an essential characteristic of the maturity of the researcher’s personality of scientific knowledge. Conclusions. In the context of anthropological shifts in modern science, the philosophical-psychological analysis of the problem of the subject of cognition is actualized. The psychological research proves the advisability of using the "researcher’s personality" concept as a basic one for understanding the formation of an enlightened human-creator, capable of auto-eco-organization, self-transcendence, and syzygy with the Universe at different levels of innovational research activity. The self-realization of the researcher-personality is a way-search for the authenticity of the multiform unity of life, the personal meaning of scientific truth, and the self-harmonization of the originative co-generative co-determinative strengths in the knowledge of an enlightened person. Including the concept of the subject of cognition in the ontology of the unity of difference-multidimensional poly-essential autopoetic integrity, the anthropologization of science is intended to revive the ancient idea in the unity of truth ("ἀλήθεια"), education ("παιδεία") and skill ("τέχνη") of a scientist, defining the ideal of a modern human-transfessional.

Author Biographies

N. V. Kryvtsova, Odessa National Medical University

Odessa National Medical University (Odessa, Ukraine), e-mail

I. A. Donnikova, National University "Odessa Maritime Academy"

National University "Odessa Maritime Academy" (Odessa, Ukraine), e-mail


Donnikova, I. A., Kryvtsova, N. V., Shevchuk, O. M., Kasperovych, H. I., Pavlova, O. S., Ivanova, Y. M. … Maiboroda, P. A. (2020). Stvoriuvalna syla znannia: Monohrafiia: Knyha persha. Odessa: Feniks. (in Ukrainian)

Goodale, M. (2017). Anthropology and Law: A Critical Introduction. NYU Press. DOI: (in English)

Helmreich, S. (2014). Waves: An anthropology of scientific things. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 4(3), 265-284. DOI: (in English)

Kalinin, E. U. (2017). The problem of subject in modern physics and cosmology. Vox, 22, 105-116. DOI: (in Russian)

Kalmykova, L., Kharchenko, N., Volzhentseva, I., Kalmykov, H., & Mysan, I. (2020). Actualization of the Internal Speech Problems in Psycholinguistics of Communication: The Results of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Psycholinguistics, 28(1), 83-148. DOI: (in Ukrainian)

Kant, I. (2007). Kritika chistogo razuma. N. Losskiy, Trans. from German. Moscow: Eksmo. (in Russian)

Karpov, A. O. (2016). Antique Ontology in Education for the Knowledge Society. Philosophy of education, 1(64), 113-129. DOI: (in Russian)

Knyazeva, Y. N. (2014). Enaktivizm: Novaya forma konstruktivizma v epistemologii. Moscow: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ. (in Russian)

Kryvtsova, N. V. (2018). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti potentsialu samorealizatsii osobystosti. (Dysertatsiia kandydata psykholohichnykh nauk). Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa. (in Ukrainian)

Kryvtsova, N. V. (2019). Shliakh do harmonii zhyttia: Teoriia i praktyka samorealizatsii: Monohrafiia. Kharkiv: Fakt. (in Ukrainian)

Lektorsky, V. A. (2018). Constructive realism as the contemporary form of epistemological realism. Philosophy of Science and Technology, 23(2), 18-22. DOI: (in Russian)

Losev, A. F. (1986). Rannie dialogi Platona i sochineniya platonovskoy shkoly. In Plato, Dialogi (pp. 3-65). Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian)

MacLean, E. L. (2016). Unraveling the evolution of uniquely human cognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(23), 6348-6354. DOI: (in English)

Malivskyi, A. M. (2017). Anthropological Project as a Basis of Cartesian Ethics. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 11, 117-126 DOI: (in Ukrainian)

Malivskyi, A. M. (2019). Neznanyi Dekart: Antropolohichnyi vymir u filosofuvanni: Monohrafiia. Dnipro: Herda. (in Ukrainian)

Markov, B. V., Sergeev, A. M., & Bocharnikov, V. N. (2020). The Pandemic Phenomenon Through the Prism of Its Metaphysical, Anthropological, and Social Dimensions. Chelovek, 31(3), 7-24. DOI: (in Russian)

Morin, E. (2013). La Méthode. La Nature de la Nature (2nd ed.). Y. N. Knyazeva, Trans from French. Moscow: "Kanon+" ROOY "Reabylytatsyia". (in Russian)

Pavlovskiy, R. V. (2017). On the question of Aristotle’s relation to Plato: A problem of knowledge. Vestnik of St. Petersburg University. Philosophy and Conflict Studies, 33(2), 207-216. DOI: (in Russian)

Railton, P. (2019). Moral Metaphysics, Moral Psychology, and the Cognitive Sciences. In A. I. Goldman & B. P. McLaughlin (Eds.), Metaphysics and Cognitive Science (pp. 73-98). Oxford University Press. DOI: (in English)

Shettleworth, S. J. (2012). Modularity, comparative cognition and human uniqueness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1603), 2794-2802. DOI: (in English)

Stepin, V. S. (2011). Tsivilizatsiya i kultura. St. Petersburg: SPbGUP. (in Russian)

Vernadsky, V. I. (1981). Izbrannye trudy po istorii nauki. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)




How to Cite

Kryvtsova, N. V., & Donnikova, I. A. (2020). ANTHROPOLOGIZATION OF SCIENCE: FROM THE SUBJECT OF COGNITION TO THE RESEARCHER’S PERSONALITY. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, (18), 20–33.