DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i16.188938

ANTHROPOLOGICAL SEARCH FOR VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF A NEW CULTURE BY AURELIUS AUGUSTINE

V. V. Kuzmenko, V. O. Boniak, I. A. Serdіuk

Abstract


Purpose. The article is aimed to reveal the essence of the eternal problem, comprehended by Augustine Aurelius in the culture of the early Middle Ages – the focus of the value orientations of the anthropological search. Theoretical basis. Only in the twentieth century, various aspects of Augustine’s creative legacy became the subject of scientific research by many authors. As the direction of their scientific research, the problem of the relationship of reason, faith, knowledge, which has risen sharply in medieval Christian culture, has been considered. The logical outcome of these studies was the assertion that for Augustine Platonism was the main of the philosophical teachings of antiquity; that Augustine, being in line with Christian philosophy, considered the understanding of the aesthetic perfection of the Divine creation of the world as the sense of human life. The analysis of their works gives reason to argue that the definition of the human essence – the Augustine’s anthropological problems, was practically not addressed by representatives of domestic and foreign philosophical thought, and therefore remained undiscovered. Originality. The authors have proved that the definition of the human essence by Augustine is in the correlation with his answers to questions about the nature of the origin of man, about the secrets of being, etc. The ethical ideal of the thinker has been revealed, which is systematically formed in his works. Conclusions. The thesis has been substantiated that the anthropological views of Augustine Aurelius are in correlation with his epistemological judgments. Only by knowing the order of things in the universe, determined by the will of the Lord, we will know also the order of our value orientations. The basis of the philosophical comprehension of the human essence by Augustine Aurelius is a series of questions that constantly arise before mankind – about the nature of its appearance, about the secrets of human existence, the sense of life, death and immortality, etc. The ethical ideal of the thinker is an eternal city that is not based on human nature, it is too volatile, therefore it is only to a small extent subject to research, but on a Divine basis – the Christian idea.

Keywords


Augustine Aurelius; value orientations of anthropological search; human essence; Law of harmonious Universe; eternal city; church bosom

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Aurelius Augustine (Blazhennyy). (1998). V Grade Bozhiyem. In Tvoreniya (Vol. 3). St. Petersburg: Aleteyya; Kyiv: UTsIMM-Press. (in Russian)

Aurelius Augustine (Blazhennyy). (2000). Ob istinnoy religii. In Tvoreniya (Vol. 1). St. Petersburg: Aleteyya; Kyiv: UTsIMM-Press. (in Russian)

Averintsev, S. S. (1977). Literaturnye teorii v sostave srednevekovogo tipa kultury. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Bolotov, V. V. (1999). Ucheniye Origena o Svyatoy Troitse. In Sobraniye tserkovno-istoricheskikh trudov (Vol. 1). Moscow: Martis. (in Russian)

Derevensky, B. G. (2000). Uchenie ob Antikhriste v drevnosti i srednevekove. St. Petersburg: Aleteya. (in Russian)

Farrar, V. F. (2001). Zhizn i trudy svyatykh ottsov (Vol. 1). Moscow: Izdanie Sretenskogo monastyrya. (in Russian)

Gilson, E. (1961). The Christian philosophy of Saint Augustine. London; Cambridge. (in English)

Halapsis, A. (2016). Miracles and the perfection of being: The theological roots of scientific concepts. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 9, 70-77. doi: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2016/72235 (in Russian)

Ivanov, N. P. (1999). Skazal Bog … Bibleyskaya ontologiya i bibleyskaya antrtopologiya. Klin: Izd. fond "Khristianskaya zhyzn". (in Russian)

Khondzinskii, P. (2018). The Notion of Persona in the Works of St Augustine and the Personalistic Conception of V. I. Nesmelov. Voprosy Filosofii, 7, 187-195. doi: https://doi.org/10.31857/S004287440000240-9 (in Russian)

Khondzinskii, P. (2019). "In the language of Sophiology": Priest Sergiy Bulgakov’s criticism of St. Augustine’s Triadology. St. Tikhon’s University Review. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. Religious Studies, 83, 11-25. doi: https://doi.org/10.15382/sturi201983 (in Russian)

Li, M., & Dessein, B. (2015). Aurelius Augustinus and Seng Zhao on "Time": An Interpretation of the Confessions and the Zhao Lun. Philosophy East and West, 65(1), 157-177. doi: https://doi.org/10.1353/pew.2015.0019 (in English)

Lortz, Y. (1999). Istoriya tserkvi, rassmotrennaya v svyazi s istoriyey idey (Vol. 1). Moscow: Khristianskaya Rossiya. (in Russian)

Losev, A. F. (1980). Istoriya antichnoy estetiki. Pozdniy ellinizm (Vol. 6). Moscow: Iskusstvo. (in Russian)

Men, А. (1998). Istoriya religii. V poiskakh Puti, Istiny i zhyzni (Vol. 1). Moscow: Forum-Infra. (in Russian)

Nordlander, A. (2019). The Emergence of Soul: Retrieving Augustine’s Potentialism for Contemporary Theological Anthropology. Modern Theology, 35(1), 122-137. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/moth.12443 (in English)

Plato. (1994). Sobraniye sochineniy v 4 t. (Vol. 3, pp. 432-433). Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian)

Sitnikov, A. V. (2001). Filosofiya Plotina i traditsii khristianskoy patristiki. St. Petersburg: Aleteya. (in Russian)

Smyslova, Е. V., & Khabibullina, L. F. (2016). The problem of free will in "the clockwork testament or: Enderby's end" by A. Burgess. The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication, 6, 2626-2631. (in English)

Uskov, N. F. (2001). Khristianstvo i monashestvo v Zapadnoy Yevrope rannego srednevekovya. Germanskie zemli II/III-serediny XI v. St. Petersburg: Aleteya. (in Russian)


GOST Style Citations


Аврелий Августин (Блаженный). Творения : В 4 т. / Аврелий Августин (Блаженный). – Санкт-Петербург : Алетейя ; Киев : УЦИММ-Пресс, 1998. – Т. 3 : О Граде Божием. – 595 с.

Аврелий Августин (Блаженный). Творения : В 4 т. / Аврелий Августин (Блаженный). – Санкт-Петербург : Алетейя ; Киев : УЦИММ-Пресс, 2000. – Т.1 : Об истинной религии. – 742 с.

Аверинцев, С. С. Литературные теории в составе средневекового типа культуры / С. С. Аверинцев. – Москва : Наука, 1977. – 450 с.

Болотов, В. В. Собрание церковно-исторических трудов / В. В. Болотов. – Москва : Мартис, 1999. – Т. 1 : Учение Оригена о Святой Троице  –– 583 с.

Деревенский, Б. Г. Учение об Антихристе в древности и средневековье / Б. Г. Деревенский. – Санкт-Петербург : Алетейя, 2000. – 528 с.

Фаррар, В. Ф. Жизнь и труды святых отцов: в 2-х т. / В. Ф. Фаррар. – Москва : Издание Сретенского монастыря, 2001. – Т. 1. – 670с.

Gilson, E. The Christian philosophy of Saint Augustine / E. Gilson. – London ; Cambridge, 1961. – 269 p.

Халапсис, А. Чудеса и совершенство бытия: теологические корни научных концепций / А. Халапсис // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2016. – Вип. 9. – С. 70–77. doi: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr2016/72235

Иванов, Н. П. Сказал Бог … Библейская онтология и библейская антропология / Н. П. Иванов. – Клин : Изд. фонд "Христианская жизнь", 1999. – 120 с.

Хондзинский, П. Понятие persona в наследии блж. Августина и персоналистическая концепция В. И. Несмелова / П. Хондзинский // Вопросы философии. – 2018. – №. 7. – P. 187–195. doi: https://doi.org/10.31857/S004287440000240-9

Хондзинский, П. "На языке софиологии": критика о. Сергием Булгаковым триадологии блаженного Августина / П. Хондзинский // Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета, Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. – 2019. – Вып. 83. – С. 11–25. doi: https://doi.org/10.15382/sturi201983

Li, M. Аurelius Аugustinus and Seng Zhao on "time": an interpretation of the confessions and the Zhao Lun / M. Li, B. Dessein // Philosophy East and West. – 2015. – Vol. 65. – № 1. – 157–177. doi: https://doi.org/10.1353/pew.2015.0019

Лортц, Й. История церкви, рассмотренная в связи с историей идей : в 2-х т. / Й. Лортц. – Москва : Христианская Россия, 1999. – Т. 1. – 511 с.

Лосев, А. Ф. История античной эстетики. Поздний эллинизм : в 8-х т. / А. Ф. Лосев. – Москва : Искусство, 1980. – Т. 6. – 720 с.

Мень, А. История религии. В поисках Пути, Истины и жизни: в 2-х т. / А. Мень. – Москва : Форум-Инфра, 1998. – Т. 1. – 216 с.

Nordlander, А. The Emergence of Soul: Retrieving Augustine’s Potentialism for Contemporary Theological Anthropology / А. Nordlander // Modern Theology. – 2019. – Vol. 35, Iss. 1. – P. 122–137. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/moth.12443

Платон. Собрание сочинений в 4 т. / Платон. – Москва : Мысль, 1994. – Т. 3. – С. 432–433.

Ситников, А. В. Философия Плотина и традиции христианской патристики / А. В. Ситников. – Санкт-Петербург : Алетейя, 2001. – 242 с.

Smyslova, Е. V. The problem of free will in the "clockwork testament or: enderby's end" by A. Burgess / Е. V. Smyslova, L. F. Khabibullina // The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication. – 2016. – Vol. 6. – P. 2626–2631.

Усков, Н. Ф. Христианство и монашество в Западной Европе раннего средневековья. Германские земли II/III–середины XI в. / Н. Ф. Усков. – Санкт-Петербург : Алетейя, 2001. – 506 с.

 





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.