DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i12.119069

SEARCHING FOR THE TRUE SELF: THE WAY OF NONDUAL WISDOM

T. V. Danylova

Abstract


Purpose. This paper attempts at analyzing the phenomenon of the human self in the Western and Eastern traditions, its dissociation and alienation in the contemporary world, and meditation as a way to the True Self. Methodology. The author used anthropological integrative approach, philosophical hermeneutics, along with transpersonal approach. Theoretical basis and results. To overcome the feelings of loneliness, isolation, and alienation, modern individuals need to break through to the spiritual pole that provides them with ever new and deeper meanings; to go beyond the limits of dual thinking to perceive the true nature of their mind. The representatives of the Eastern religious and philosophical schools paid considerable attention to the problem of alienation, loneliness, and the ways of overcoming it. Trying to achieve the state of absolute unity, the Eastern traditions use meditation techniques, which have been developed over the centuries. Meditation contributes to the experience of the unity of existence - the state, in which the very idea of the own self disappears and the «subject – object» unity arises. Reaching the state of nonduality, meditators experience their deep involvement in all that exists. Their mind is filled with absolute peace and harmony; everything has deep meaning and value. They feel freedom. People become existentially absorbed in the world - the changeful world of artists and children, the world where everyone and everything undergo transformations. Meditation leads to the new horizons, to the awareness of infinity and diversity of life. Originality. Human integration into the cosmic body of the universe transforms their perception of the world. Returning to the world of space, time, and causation, being unable to escape the world of differentiation, individuals face a new dilemma. This entails internal conflict. To overcome it, they learn to cultivate the unbounded mind. Incorporation of mindfulness into our daily life brings many benefits. However, the molecular mechanisms of these processes are still insufficiently studied. Nowadays, scientists actively explore the effects of meditative, mind-expanding practices on the physical and mental health. Conclusions. Since the modern life becomes more tough and complex, people seek the way to a harmonious, balanced, and happy existence. It is therefore no coincidence that the spiritual heritage of the East has attracted vivid attention and considerable interest. The Eastern spiritual practices can be used as a guide to a happy human life.


Keywords


Self; Ego; meditation; nonduality; subject; object; Taoism; Zen

Full Text:

PDF

References


Maykov, V. (undated). Protsessualnyy Kosmos ili Dao Mindella. Retrieved from http://theway4you.co.uk/articles/56-protsessualnyii-kosmos-ili-dao-mindella. (In Russian)

Salata, H. V. (2014). Pryroda lyudyny v problemnomu poli biokul’turnoyi antropolohiyi. Istoriya nauky i tekhniky, 5, 231-236. (In Ukranian)

Khmil, V. V., & Korkh, O. M. (2017). The concept of self-determination in the philosophy of the enlightenment. Anthropologial Measurements of Philosophical Research, 11, 127-134. doi 10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105496. (In English)

Bazaluk, O. (2016) The Philosophy of Cosmos: the Place of Human at the Scale of Earth and Cosmos. Chapter One. Philosophy and Cosmology, 16, 28-42. (In English)

Buric, I., Farias, M., Jong, J., Mee, C., & Brazil, I. A. (2017). What Is the Molecular Signature of Mind–Body Interventions? A Systematic Review of Gene Expression Changes Induced by Meditation and Related Practice. Frontiers in Immunology, 8, 670. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00670. (In English)

Cairns, G. E. (1962). The Philosophy and Psychology of the Oriental Mandala. Philosophy East & West, 11(4), 219-229. (In English)

Danylova, T. (2014). Eastern Spiritual Traditions Through the Lens of Modern Scientific worldview. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 5, 95-102. (In English)

Dunning, W. V. (1993). Post-Modernism and the Construct of the Divisible Self. British Journal of Aesthetics, 33(2), 132-141. (In English)

Ego and the Self – Osho. Sat Sangha Salon. (2016). Retrieved from: https://o-meditation.com/2016/03/31/ego-and-the-self-osho/. Accessed: July 18, 2017. (In English)

Epel, E. S., Puterman, E., Lin, J., Blackburn, E. H., Lum, P. Y., Beckmann, N. D., et al. (2016). Meditation and vacation effects have an impact on disease-associated molecular phenotypes. Translational Psychiatry, 6(8), 880. doi:10.1038/ tp.2016.164. (In English)

Jung, C. (1928). The Spiritual Problem of Modern Man. Retrieved from: http://r.4dt.org/text/jung/The%20Spiritual%20Problem%20of%20Modern%20Man%20(1928).pdf (In English)

Kaliman, P., Alvarez-Lopez, M. J., Cosín-Tomás, M., Rosenkranz, M. A., Lutz, A., & Davidson, R. J. (2014). Rapid changes in histone deacetylases and inflammatory gene expression in expert meditators. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 40, 96–107. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.11.004. (In English)

Malivskyi, A. Anthropological Project as a Basis of Cartesian Ethics. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 11, 117-126.Retrived from http://dx.doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105495. (In English)

Mason, B. (undated). Taoists Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.taoism.net/articles/mason/ethics.htm. (In English)

Mlodinow, L. (2013). Subliminal: How your Conscious Mind Rules Your Behavior. Vintage. Reprint edition. (In English)

Northrop, F. S. C. (1956). Man’s Relation to the Earth in its Bearing of His Aesthetic, Ethical, and Legal Values. In W. L. Thomas, et al. (Eds.), Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (In English)

Suzuki, D. T. (2007). An Introduction to Zen Buddhism. USA: Grove Press. (In English)

Wilber, K. (1996). The Atman Project: A Transpersonal View of Human Development. Quest Book: Theosophical Publishing House. (In English)


GOST Style Citations


  1. Майков, В. Процессуальный Космос или Дао Минделла / В. Майков. – Режим доступу: http://theway4you.co.uk/articles/56-protsessualnyii-kosmos-ili-dao-mindella. – Назва з екрана. – Перевірено: 10.06.2017.
  2. Салата, Г. В. Природа людини в проблемному полі біокультурної антропології / Г. В. Салата // Історія науки і техніки. – 2014. – № 5. – С. 231–236.
  3. Хміль, В. В. Ідея особистого самовизначення в філософії Просвітництва / В. В. Хміль, О. М. Корх // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2017. – № 11. – С. 127–134. doi: 10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105496.
  4. Bazaluk, O. The Philosophy of Cosmos: the Place of Human at the Scale of Earth and Cosmos. Chapter One / O. Bazaluk // Philosophy and Cosmology. – 2016. – Vol. 16. – C. 28–42.
  5. What Is the Molecular Signature of Mind–Body Interventions? A Systematic Review of Gene Expression Changes Induced by Meditation and Related Practice / I. Buric, M. Farias, J. Jong, C. Mee and I.A. Brazil // Frontiers in Immunology. – 2017. – Is. 8. – P. 670. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00670.
  6. Cairns, G. E. The Philosophy and Psychology of the Oriental Mandala / G. E. Cairns // Philosophy East & West. – 1962. – V.11, No. 4. – P. 219–229.
  7. Danylova, T. Eastern Spiritual Traditions Through the Lens of Modern Scientific worldview / T. Danylova // Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research. – 2014. – No. 5. – P. 95–102.
  8. Dunning, W. V. Post-Modernism and the Construct of the Divisible Self / W. V. Dunning // British Journal of Aesthetics. – 1993. – Vol. 33, № 2. – P.132–141.
  9. Ego and the Self – Osho. Sat Sangha Salon. – March, 31, 2016. – Retrived from: https://o-meditation.com/2016/03/31/ego-and-the-self-osho/. Title from the screen. – Accessed: 18.07.2017.
  10. Meditation and vacation effects have an impact on disease-associated molecular phenotypes / E. S. Epel, E. Puterman, J. Lin, E. H. Blackburn, P. Y. Lum, N. D. Beckmann, et al. // Translational Psychiatry. – 2016. – Vol. 6. – Is. 8. doi:10.1038/ tp.2016.164.
  11. Jung, C. The Spiritual Problem of Modern Man / C. Jung. – 1928. – Retrived from: http://r.4dt.org/text/jung/The%20Spiritual%20Problem%20of%20Modern%20Man%20(1928).pdf. Title from the screen. – Accessed: 05.07.2017.
  12. Rapid changes in histone deacetylases and inflammatory gene expression in expert meditators / P. Kaliman, M. J. Alvarez-Lopez, M. Cosín-Tomás, M. A. Rosenkranz, A. Lutz, R. J. Davidson // Psychoneuroendocrinology. – 2014. – Is. 40. – P. 96–107. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.11.004.
  13. Malivskyi, A. Anthropological Project as a Basis of Cartesian Ethics. / A. Malyvskyi // Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research. – 2017. – № 11 – P. 117–126. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105495.
  14. Mason, B. Taoists Ethics / B. Mason. – Undated. Available at: http://www.taoism.net/articles/mason/ethics.htm. Title from the screen. – Accessed: 19.07.2017.
  15. Mlodinow, L. Subliminal: How your Conscious Mind Rules Your Behavior / L. Mlodinow. – Vintage. Reprint edition, 2013. – 272 p.
  16. Northrop, F. S. C. Man’s Relation to the Earth in its Bearing of His Aesthetic, Ethical, and Legal Values / F. S. C. Northrop // In William L. Thomas, et al., eds., Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. – Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1956. – P. 1052–1065.
  17. Suzuki, D. T. An Introduction to Zen Buddhism / D. T. Suzuki. – USA: Grove Press, 2007. – 144 p.
  18. Wilber, K. The Atman Project: A Transpersonal View of Human Development / K. Wilber. – Quest Book: Theosophical Publishing House, 1996. – 260 p.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.