GENDER GENEALOGY OF READING AS CULTURAL PRACTICE

N. Yu. Kryvda, L. V. Osadcha

Abstract


Purpose. The article is devoted to the cultural aspect of texts using in European culture. The paper found out methodological basis of correctly interpreting the term "practice" in the philosophical and sociological discourses. In the first case the concept reveals human nature; appealing to the field of ethics and intersubjective interactions. In sociological approach the term practice is contrasted to institutional life. It seems to be an organic; vital relevance of actions for contrast to the mechanically regulated community life. Methodology. The paper considered the typology of human intellectual conditions according to Kant’s divided into pure and practical reason. The last one directs action-willed individual efforts so as to meet the universal relevance and ethical coherence. Gottlieb Fichte interpreted practice reason as the way to combine intellectual intentions and material conditions of human being. G. W. F. Hegel enriched the concept with terms of "objectification" and "alienation” of labour. Karl Marx formulated the main features of activity approach to the human nature exploring. In sociological discourse the term practice is opposed to mechanically done actions (according to institutional normativity). Given the philosophical and sociological methodological contexts the reading is studied as activity that aimed emotional and volitional contact with sense. Originality. The paper analysed the genealogy of reading practices. There were selected two types of text perception – rapid "masculine" and prudent "women's" reading. Women salon environment of the XVIII-th century capitalistic Europe was the main condition for the forming of literary-aware public. The authors analysed the process of reading of the text-as-satisfaction and text-as-pleasure (R. Barthes). The work presents the overview of classical studies of sociocultural field: Thorstein Veblen; Vladimir Toporov; Rolan Barthes and contemporary researchers such as T. Markova (2013); A. Smahtinova (2015); B. Jack (2013); D. G. Scott (2015); R. A. Fullerton (2016). Conclusions. The practice of thoughtful reading connects the subject with culture; makes a man coeval to any historical era. Using the text; a person faces the cultural meanings without any institutional mediation; thus forming self-identity.


Keywords


practical reason; activity; objectification and alienation of labour; production practices; cultural practices; leisure class; text-as-satisfaction

References


Bart; R. (1989). Udovolstvie ot teksta. In Izbrannye raboty. In Semiotika (462-518). Moscow: Progress.

Veblen; T. (1984). Teoriia prazdnogo klassa. Moscow: Progress. Retrieved from http://royallib.com/read/veblen_torsteyn/teoriya_prazdnogo_klassa.html#225280

Gabermas; Y. (2000). Strukturnі peretvorennia u sferі vіdkritosti: doslіdzhennia kategorії gromadianske suspіlstvo. Lviv: «Lіtopis».

Kant; I. (1965). Kritika prakticheskogo razuma. Moscow: Mysl.

Markova; T. B. (2013). Chtenie kak sostavnaia obraza zhizni: bumazhnaia kniga i/ili elektronnyi tekst. Bibliosfera, 4, 7-15.

Marks; K. (1956). Tezisy o Feierbakhe. Moscow: Politizdat.

Smakhtina; A. V. (2015). Mezhdistciplinarnyi analiz protcessa chteniia kak teoreticheskoe osnovanie poiska resursov aktivizatcii chitatelskoi aktivnosti. Teoriia i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiia, 4, 152-156.

Toporov; V. N. (1983). Prostranstvo i tekst. Retrieved from http://ec-dejavu.ru/p/Publ_Toporov_Space.html

Fullerton; R. A. (2016). The foundation of marketing practice: a history of book marketing in Germany. New York: Routledge.

Jack; B. (2013). Reading for Pleasure. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJkTLLAQYy8&t=222s

Jack; B. (2013). What is reading. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUROpixFrqs&t=2320s

Scott; D. G. (2015). Silent reading and the medieval text: the development of reading practices in the early prints of William Langland and John Lydgate. (PhD thesis). Available from University of Glasgow, Glasgow.


GOST Style Citations


  1. Барт; Р. Удовольствие от текста / Р. Барт [пер. с фр. Г. К. Косикова] // Избранные работы. Семиотика. – Москва : Прогресс; 1989. – С. 462–518.
  2. Веблен; Т. Теория праздного класса [Електронний ресурс] / Т. Веблен. – Москва : Прогресс; 1984. – Режим доступу: http://royallib.com/read/veblen_torsteyn/teoriya_prazdnogo_klassa.html#225280 – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено: 13.06.2017.
  3. Габермас; Ю. Структурні перетворення у сфері відкритости: дослідження категорії громадянське суспільство / Ю Габермас; [пер. з нім. А. Онишко]. – Львів : «Літопис»; 2000. – 318 с.
  4. Кант; И. Критика практического разума / И. Кант // Сочинения в 6 т. – Москва : Мысль; 1965. – Т. 4; Ч. І. – 544 с.
  5. Маркова; Т. Б. Чтение как составная образа жизни: бумажная книга и/или электронный текст / Т. Б. Маркова // Библиосфера. – 2013. – № 4.– С. 7–15.
  6. Маркс; К. Тезисы о Фейербахе / К. Маркс // Собрание починений в 50 т. – Москва : Политиздат; 1956. – Т. 3. – С. 1–4
  7. Смахтина; А. В. Междисциплинарный анализ процесса чтения как теоретическое основание поиска ресурсов активизации читательской активности / А. В. Смахтина // Теория и практика общественного развития. – 2015. – № 4.– С. 152–156.
  8. Топоров; В. Н. Пространство и текст [Електронний ресурс] / В. Н. Топоров. – Режим доступу: http://ec-dejavu.ru/p/Publ_Toporov_Space.html – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено: 13.06.2017.
  9. Fullerton; R. A. The foundation of marketing practice: a history of book marketing in Germany / R. A. Fullerton. – New York : Routledge; 2016. – 214 p.
  10. Jack; B. Reading for Pleasure [Електронний ресурс] / B. Jack. – Режим доступу: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJkTLLAQYy8&t=222s – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено: 13.06.2017.
  11. Jack; B. What is reading [Електронний ресурс] / B. Jack. – Режим доступу: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUROpixFrqs&t=2320s – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено: 13.06.2017.
  12. Scott; D. G. Silent reading and the medieval text: the development of reading practices in the early prints of William Langland and John Lydgate [Електронний ресурс] / Diane Gillies Scott; University of Glasgow. – Glasgow; 2015. – Режим доступу: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/6356/ – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено: 13.06.2017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i11.105482

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.